Washington Gap Project Reptile and Amphibian Distribution Models

Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Cassidy, K. C.
Publication_Date: 19970101
Title:
Washington Gap Project Reptile and Amphibian Distribution Models
Edition: Version 5
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Seattle, WA
Publisher:
Washington Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit, University of Washington
Online_Linkage: http://wdfw.wa.gov/conservation/gap/gapdata/herps
Larger_Work_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Authors: K. M. Dvornich, K. R. McAllister, and K. Aubry
Publication_Date: 1997
Title:
Amphibians and Reptiles of Washington State: Location data and modeled distributions
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Seattle, WA
Publisher:
Washington Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit
Other_Citation_Details:
Volume 2 of the Washington State Gap Analysis Final Report
Description:
Abstract:
Amphibian and reptile distribution models for Washington State were created as part of the Washington State Gap Analysis Project (WAGAP). WAGAP is part of the national Gap Analysis Project, funded by the US Geological Survey-Biological Resources Division. Amphibian and reptile models were based on a 1991 land cover classification with a minimum mapping unit of 100 hectares. Information on species range limits and habitat associations was based on location data (mostly museum records), information about current distribution, literature review, and expert opinion.
Purpose:
Models were created as part of a larger study (the Washiington State Gap Analysis Project) to establish conservation priorities in Washington State. Conservation priorities were based on land cover and breeding terrestrial vertebrate distributions. The modeled distributions themselves, however, have value beyond the original study.
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 1991
Currentness_Reference:
Modeled distributions were based on 1991 land cover information (Gap land cover, version 5)
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: None Planned
Spatial_Domain:
Description_of_Geographic_Extent: Washington State
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -125
East_Bounding_Coordinate: -116.675
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 49
South_Bounding_Coordinate: 45.5
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Theme_Keyword: Amphibians
Theme_Keyword: Reptiles
Theme_Keyword: modeled distribution
Theme_Keyword: model
Theme_Keyword: distribution
Theme_Keyword: Vertebrate model
Theme_Keyword: Habitat modeling
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Place_Keyword: North America
Place_Keyword: Washington State
Place_Keyword: United States
Taxonomy:
Taxonomic_Keywords: Amphibians
Taxonomic_Keywords: Reptiles
Taxonomy:
Taxonomic_Coverage:
Specific_Taxonomic_Information:
Kingdom: Animal
Division-Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Caudata
Family: Ambystomatidae
Genus: Ambystoma
Species: macrodactylum
Applicable_Common_Names: Long-toed Salamander
Taxonomic_Coverage:
Specific_Taxonomic_Information:
Kingdom: Animal
Division-Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Caudata
Family: Ambystomatidae
Genus: Dicamptodon
Species: copei
Applicable_Common_Names: Cope's Giant Salamander
Taxonomic_Coverage:
Specific_Taxonomic_Information:
Kingdom: Animal
Division-Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Caudata
Family: Ambystomatidae
Genus: Dicamptodon
Species: tenebrosus
Applicable_Common_Names: Pacific Giant Salamander
Taxonomic_Coverage:
Specific_Taxonomic_Information:
Kingdom: Animal
Division-Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Caudata
Family: Ambystomatidae
Genus: Rhyacotriton
Species: olympicus
Applicable_Common_Names: Olympic Torrent Salamander
Taxonomic_Coverage:
Specific_Taxonomic_Information:
Kingdom: Animal
Division-Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Caudata
Family: Ambystomatidae
Genus: Rhyacotriton
Species: kezeri
Applicable_Common_Names: Columbia Torrent Salamander
Taxonomic_Coverage:
Specific_Taxonomic_Information:
Kingdom: Animal
Division-Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Caudata
Family: Ambystomatidae
Genus: Rhyacotriton
Species: cascadae
Applicable_Common_Names: Cascades Torrent Salamander
Taxonomic_Coverage:
Specific_Taxonomic_Information:
Kingdom: Animal
Division-Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Caudata
Family: Salamandridae
Genus: Taricha
Species: granulosa
Applicable_Common_Names: Roughskin Newt
Taxonomic_Coverage:
Specific_Taxonomic_Information:
Kingdom: Animal
Division-Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Caudata
Family: Plethodontidae
Genus: Plethodon
Species: dunni
Applicable_Common_Names: Dunn's Salamander
Taxonomic_Coverage:
Specific_Taxonomic_Information:
Kingdom: Animal
Division-Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Caudata
Family: Plethodontidae
Genus: Plethodon
Species: larselli
Applicable_Common_Names: Larch Mountain Salamander
Taxonomic_Coverage:
Specific_Taxonomic_Information:
Kingdom: Animal
Division-Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Caudata
Family: Plethodontidae
Genus: Plethodon
Species: vandykei
Applicable_Common_Names: Van Dyke's Salamander
Taxonomic_Coverage:
Specific_Taxonomic_Information:
Kingdom: Animal
Division-Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Caudata
Family: Plethodontidae
Genus: Plethodon
Species: vehiculum
Applicable_Common_Names: Western Redback Salamander
Taxonomic_Coverage:
Specific_Taxonomic_Information:
Kingdom: Animal
Division-Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Caudata
Family: Plethodontidae
Genus: Ensatina
Species: eschscholtzii
Applicable_Common_Names: Ensatina
Taxonomic_Coverage:
Specific_Taxonomic_Information:
Kingdom: Animal
Division-Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Anura
Family: Leiopelmatidae
Genus: Ascaphus
Species: truei
Applicable_Common_Names: Tailed Frog
Taxonomic_Coverage:
Specific_Taxonomic_Information:
Kingdom: Animal
Division-Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Anura
Family: Pelobatidae
Genus: Scaphiopus
Species: intermontanus
Applicable_Common_Names: Great Basin Spadefoot
Taxonomic_Coverage:
Specific_Taxonomic_Information:
Kingdom: Animal
Division-Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Anura
Family: Bufonidae
Genus: Bufo
Species: boreas
Applicable_Common_Names: Western Toad
Taxonomic_Coverage:
Specific_Taxonomic_Information:
Kingdom: Animal
Division-Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Anura
Family: Bufonidae
Genus: Bufo
Species: woodhousei
Applicable_Common_Names: Woodhouse's Toad
Taxonomic_Coverage:
Specific_Taxonomic_Information:
Kingdom: Animal
Division-Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Anura
Family: Hylidae
Genus: Hyla
Species: regilla
Applicable_Common_Names: Pacific Treefrog
Taxonomic_Coverage:
Specific_Taxonomic_Information:
Kingdom: Animal
Division-Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Anura
Family: Ranidae
Genus: Rana
Species: aurora
Applicable_Common_Names: Red-legged Frog
Taxonomic_Coverage:
Specific_Taxonomic_Information:
Kingdom: Animal
Division-Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Anura
Family: Ranidae
Genus: Rana
Species: cascadae
Applicable_Common_Names: Cascades Frog
Taxonomic_Coverage:
Specific_Taxonomic_Information:
Kingdom: Animal
Division-Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Anura
Family: Ranidae
Genus: Rana
Species: luteiventris
Applicable_Common_Names: Columbia Spotted Frog
Taxonomic_Coverage:
Specific_Taxonomic_Information:
Kingdom: Animal
Division-Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Anura
Family: Ranidae
Genus: Rana
Species: pretiosa
Applicable_Common_Names: Oregon Spotted Frog
Taxonomic_Coverage:
Specific_Taxonomic_Information:
Kingdom: Animal
Division-Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Anura
Family: Ranidae
Genus: Rana
Species: pipiens
Applicable_Common_Names: Northern Leopard Frog
Taxonomic_Coverage:
Specific_Taxonomic_Information:
Kingdom: Animal
Division-Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Anura
Family: Ranidae
Genus: Rana
Species: catesbeiana
Applicable_Common_Names: Bullfrog
Taxonomic_Coverage:
Specific_Taxonomic_Information:
Kingdom: Animal
Division-Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Anura
Family: Ranidae
Genus: Rana
Species: clamitans
Applicable_Common_Names: Green Frog
Taxonomic_Coverage:
Specific_Taxonomic_Information:
Kingdom: Animal
Division-Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Testudines
Family: Emydidae
Genus: Chrysemys
Species: picta
Applicable_Common_Names: Painted Turtle
Taxonomic_Coverage:
Specific_Taxonomic_Information:
Kingdom: Animal
Division-Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Testudines
Family: Emydidae
Genus: Clemmys
Species: marmorata
Applicable_Common_Names: Western Pond Turtle
Taxonomic_Coverage:
Specific_Taxonomic_Information:
Kingdom: Animal
Division-Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Testudines
Family: Emydidae
Genus: Trachemys
Species: scripta
Applicable_Common_Names: Slider
Taxonomic_Coverage:
Specific_Taxonomic_Information:
Kingdom: Animal
Division-Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Family: Anguidae
Genus: Elgaria
Species: coerulea
Applicable_Common_Names: Northern Alligater Lizard
Taxonomic_Coverage:
Specific_Taxonomic_Information:
Kingdom: Animal
Division-Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Family: Anguidae
Genus: Elgaria
Species: multicarinata
Applicable_Common_Names: Southern Alligator Lizard
Taxonomic_Coverage:
Specific_Taxonomic_Information:
Kingdom: Animal
Division-Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Family: Iguanidae
Genus: Phrynosoma
Species: douglassii
Applicable_Common_Names: Short-horned Lizard
Taxonomic_Coverage:
Specific_Taxonomic_Information:
Kingdom: Animal
Division-Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Family: Iguanidae
Genus: Sceloporus
Species: graciosus
Applicable_Common_Names: Sagebrush Lizard
Taxonomic_Coverage:
Specific_Taxonomic_Information:
Kingdom: Animal
Division-Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Family: Iguanidae
Genus: Sceloporus
Species: occidentalis
Applicable_Common_Names: Western Fence Lizard
Taxonomic_Coverage:
Specific_Taxonomic_Information:
Kingdom: Animal
Division-Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squmata
Family: Iguanidae
Genus: Uta
Species: stansburiana
Applicable_Common_Names: Side-blotched Lizard
Taxonomic_Coverage:
Specific_Taxonomic_Information:
Kingdom: Animal
Division-Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Family: Scincidae
Genus: Eumeces
Species: skiltonianus
Applicable_Common_Names: Western Skink
Taxonomic_Coverage:
Specific_Taxonomic_Information:
Kingdom: Animal
Division-Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Family: Boidae
Genus: Charina
Species: bottae
Applicable_Common_Names: Rubber Boa
Taxonomic_Coverage:
Specific_Taxonomic_Information:
Kingdom: Animal
Division-Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Family: Colubridae
Genus: Coluber
Species: constrictor
Applicable_Common_Names: Racer
Taxonomic_Coverage:
Specific_Taxonomic_Information:
Kingdom: Animal
Division-Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Family: Colubridae
Genus: Contia
Species: tenuis
Applicable_Common_Names: Sharptail Snake
Taxonomic_Coverage:
Specific_Taxonomic_Information:
Kingdom: Animal
Division-Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Family: Colubridae
Genus: Diadophis
Species: punctatus
Applicable_Common_Names: Ringneck Snake
Taxonomic_Coverage:
Specific_Taxonomic_Information:
Kingdom: Animal
Division-Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Family: Colubridae
Genus: Hypsiglena
Species: torquata
Applicable_Common_Names: Night Snake
Taxonomic_Coverage:
Specific_Taxonomic_Information:
Kingdom: Animal
Division-Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Family: Colubridae
Genus: Lampropeltis
Species: zonata
Applicable_Common_Names: California Mountain Kingsnake
Taxonomic_Coverage:
Specific_Taxonomic_Information:
Kingdom: Animal
Division-Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Family: Colubridae
Genus: Masticophis
Species: taeniatus
Applicable_Common_Names: Striped Whipsnake
Taxonomic_Coverage:
Specific_Taxonomic_Information:
Kingdom: Animal
Division-Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Family: Colubridae
Genus: Pituophis
Species: catenifer
Applicable_Common_Names: Gopher Snake
Taxonomic_Coverage:
Specific_Taxonomic_Information:
Kingdom: Animal
Division-Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Family: Colubridae
Genus: Thamnophis
Species: elegans
Applicable_Common_Names: Western Terrestrial Garter Snake
Taxonomic_Coverage:
Specific_Taxonomic_Information:
Kingdom: Animal
Division-Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Family: Colubridae
Genus: Thamnophis
Species: ordinoides
Applicable_Common_Names: Northwestern Garter Snake
Taxonomic_Coverage:
Specific_Taxonomic_Information:
Kingdom: Animal
Division-Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Family: Colubridae
Genus: Thamnophis
Species: sirtalis
Applicable_Common_Names: Common Garter Snake
Taxonomic_Coverage:
Specific_Taxonomic_Information:
Kingdom: Animal
Division-Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Caudata
Family: Ambystomatidae
Genus: Ambystoma
Species: tigrinum
Applicable_Common_Names: Tiger Salamander
Taxonomic_Coverage:
Specific_Taxonomic_Information:
Kingdom: Animal
Division-Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Caudata
Family: Ambystomatidae
Genus: Ambystoma
Species: gracile
Applicable_Common_Names: Northwestern Salamander
Taxonomic_Coverage:
Specific_Taxonomic_Information:
Kingdom: Animal
Division-Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Family: Viperidae
Genus: Crotalus
Species: viridis
Applicable_Common_Names: Western Rattlesnake
Access_Constraints:
Contact the Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife for location data used to help construct models.
Use_Constraints:
None, but user should be aware of scale limitations
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Kelly M. Cassidy
Contact_Organization:
Washington Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research
Unit
Contact_Position: Washington State Gap Analysis Project Leader
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address:
Washington Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research
Unit
Address: MS 357980
Address: University of Washington
City: Seattle
State_or_Province: WA
Postal_Code: 98195
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 206-543-6475
Hours_of_Service: 8:00 a.m. to 4:00 p.m. Monday Through Friday
Contact_Instructions:
Kelly Cassidy will not be at the Coop Unit after 1998, but they will be able to provide a contact location
Browse_Graphic:
Browse_Graphic_File_Name: http://wdfw.wa.gov/conservation/gap/gapdata/herps/gifs/amma.gif
Browse_Graphic_File_Description:
Modeled Distribution of Long-toed Salamander in Washington State
Browse_Graphic_File_Type: GIF
Native_Data_Set_Environment: Arc/Info 7.0
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Authors: K. M. Dvornich, K. R. McAllister, and K. Aubry
Publication_Date: 1997
Title:
Amphibians and Reptiles of Washington State: Location data and modeled distributions
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Seattle, WA
Publisher:
Washington Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit
Other_Citation_Details:
Volume 2 of the Washington State Gap Analysis Final Report

Data_Quality_Information:
Attribute_Accuracy:
Attribute_Accuracy_Report:
No statistically valid accuracy assessment for errors of omission and comission was conducted. However, we did a non-random assessment for errors of omission for the amphibians and reptiles. After the initial models were constructed, we used 2,838 new records not used to construct the models to test for errors of omission. These "new" points consisted of museum records that had not been obtained prior to the first modeling attempts, locations from recent studies, and incidental observations. The latter were often reported because the observer knew the specimen was outside or at the edge of its known range. Results were that 96% of the amphbian points and 95% of the reptile points fell within the modeled distributions. Most errors were due to new points falling outside the original modeled range, rather than errors of habitat association. Models were revised, usually by increasing range limits, based on the new data. Models in this coverage reflect corrections based on the "accuracy" assessment. Final accuracy is unknown.
Logical_Consistency_Report:
All vertebrate models were based on the same land cover map.
Completeness_Report:
All non-marine amphibians and reptiles known to breed in Washington State are included. Marine turtles, which occur offshore in Washington and occassionally appear on-shore were excluded. Some exotics known to occur through releases but not known to breed (e.g., Snapping Turtles) were excluded.
Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy_Report:
The land cover map had a 100 hectare minimum mapping unit, so the models can be no more spatially accurate than that. In practice, many of the polygons were larger than 100 hectares.
Vertical_Positional_Accuracy:
Vertical_Positional_Accuracy_Report: Same as horizontal accuracy
Lineage:
Methodology:
Methodology_Type: Step 1: Land Cover Mapping
Methodology_Identifier:
Methodology_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Methodology_Description:
The first step in creation of the vertebrate models was creation of a land cover map. Land cover map creation is more fully described in the WAGAP land cover metadata. Briefly, the land cover map was created by: 1) spectrally clustering TM data from 1991 satellite imagery, 2) On-screen manual digitizing of land cover polygons with the spectrally clustered and colored satellite imagery and ancillary data as a back-drop, and 3) Labeling of land cover polygons with ecoregion, vegetation zone, and current land cover. Current land cover was given as primary cover (the cover occupying the greatest percentage of the polygon) and, if necessary, secondary and tertiary cover.
Methodology_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Cassidy, K. M.
Publication_Date: 19970101
Title:
Land cover of Washington State: Description and management
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Gap Analysis of Washington State - Final Report
Issue_Identification: Volume 1
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Seattle, WA
Publisher:
Washington Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit, University of Washington
Other_Citation_Details:
This volume is the first volume of the 5-volume set (with one supplement), titled "Gap Analysis of Washington State - Final Report".
Methodology_Type: Step 2: Location Data Collection
Methodology_Identifier:
Methodology_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Methodology_Keyword: Habitat matrix
Methodology_Keyword: habitat association
Methodology_Keyword: habitat quality modeling
Methodology_Description:
Location data were based on a combination of museum records for Washington State from 39 museum collections, field observations from reliable sources, and record locations gleaned from literature. A total of 14,206 records, representing 9,646 unique locations, were collected. They were digitized as point locations with a precision identifier of G (very general location), N (could be plotted within about a mile), and C (could be plotted within about a quarter-mile.
Methodology_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Authors: K. M. Dvornich, K. R. McAllister, and K. Aubry
Publication_Date: 1997
Title:
Amphibians and Reptiles of Washington State: Location data and modeled distributions
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Seattle, WA
Publisher:
Washington Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit
Other_Citation_Details:
Volume 2 of the Washington State Gap Analysis Final Report
Methodology_Type: Step 3: Range delineation
Methodology_Identifier:
Methodology_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Methodology_Keyword: vertebrate modeling
Methodology_Keyword: habitat modeling
Methodology_Description:
Range limits were delineated using location data. If published accounts showed records in adjacent states, ranges were sometimes extended to the state border, if the habitat was appropriate, even in the absence of location data for Washington.
Methodology_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Authors: K. M. Dvornich, K. R. McAllister, and K. Aubry
Publication_Date: 1997
Title:
Amphibians and Reptiles of Washington State: Location data and modeled distributions
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Seattle, WA
Publisher:
Washington Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit
Other_Citation_Details:
Volume 2 of the Washington State Gap Analysis Final Report
Methodology_Type: Step 4: Habitat Matrix development
Methodology_Identifier:
Methodology_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Methodology_Description:
We made a habitat matrix with all possible ecoregion, vegetation zone, and land cover combinations on one side and species on the other. We defined 8 levels of habitat quality: 0- unsuitable; 1-suitable, but quality unknown (in practice, we never used this); 2-good habitat in a vegetation zone core for that species; 3-adequate habitat in a zone core for that species; 4- suitable habitat in a core zone, if it contains appropriate habitat (e.g., small wetlands or talus slopes) below our minimum mapping unit (termed 'contingently suitable, core zone) ; 5-good habitat in a peripheral vegetation zone; 6- adequate habitat in a peripheral zone; 7-contingently suitable habitat in a peripheral zone.
Methodology_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Authors: K. M. Dvornich, K. R. McAllister, and K. Aubry
Publication_Date: 1997
Title:
Amphibians and Reptiles of Washington State: Location data and modeled distributions
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Seattle, WA
Publisher:
Washington Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit
Other_Citation_Details:
Volume 2 of the Washington State Gap Analysis Final Report
Methodology_Type:
Step 5: Intersection of range limits with appropriate habitat
Methodology_Identifier:
Methodology_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Methodology_Description:
Range limits were intersected with land cover to select land cover polygons within the species' range limits. From this subset of land cover polygons, the habitat matrix was used to select suitable land cover and to assign a habitat quality code to primary, secondary, and tertiary cover.
Methodology_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Authors: K. M. Dvornich, K. R. McAllister, and K. Aubry
Publication_Date: 1997
Title:
Amphibians and Reptiles of Washington State: Location data and modeled distributions
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Seattle, WA
Publisher:
Washington Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit
Other_Citation_Details:
Volume 2 of the Washington State Gap Analysis Final Report
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Amphibian and reptile models were created by collecting location data, determining range limits, building a habitat matrix based on location data, literature review, and expert opinion, and intersecting range limits with appropirate habitat in Washington State
Process_Date: 1991

Spatial_Data_Organization_Information:
Direct_Spatial_Reference_Method: Vector

Spatial_Reference_Information:
Horizontal_Coordinate_System_Definition:
Planar:
Grid_Coordinate_System:
Grid_Coordinate_System_Name: State Plane Coordinate System 1927
State_Plane_Coordinate_System:
SPCS_Zone_Identifier: 4602
Lambert_Conformal_Conic:
Standard_Parallel: 45.833333
Longitude_of_Central_Meridian: -120.5
Latitude_of_Projection_Origin: 45.333333
False_Easting: 609601.2192
False_Northing: 0
Planar_Coordinate_Information:
Planar_Coordinate_Encoding_Method: coordinate pair
Coordinate_Representation:
Abscissa_Resolution: 82.02
Ordinate_Resolution: 82.02
Planar_Distance_Units: Survey Feet
Geodetic_Model:
Horizontal_Datum_Name: North American Datum of 1927
Ellipsoid_Name: Clarke 1866
Semi-major_Axis: 6378206.4
Denominator_of_Flattening_Ratio: 294.98

Entity_and_Attribute_Information:
Overview_Description:
Entity_and_Attribute_Overview:
For each polygon, there are three codes indicating whether the primary, secondary (if applicable), and tertiary (if applicable) land covers were good, adequate, or contigently suitable habitat in either core or peripheral zones for the species. Habitat codes are: 2 (good habitat, core zone), 3 (adequate; core), 4 (contingently suitable; core), 5 (good, peripheral), 6 (adequate, peripheral), and 7 (contingently suitable, peripheral).
Entity_and_Attribute_Detail_Citation:
A complete data dictionary may be downloaded from http://wdfw.wa.gov/conservation/gap/gapdata/herps

Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife
Contact_Position:
Technical Services Manager - Wildlife Management Program
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing Address
Address: 600 Capitol Way North
City: Olympia
State_or_Province: Washington
Postal_Code: 98501
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 360-902-2515
Hours_of_Service: 8:00 a.m. to 4:00 p.m. Monday Through Friday
Resource_Description:
Washington Gap Project Reptile and Amphibian Distribution Models for Washington State
Distribution_Liability:
Although these data have been processed successfully on a computer system at the Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife, no warranty expressed or implied is made regarding the accuracy or utility of the data on any other system or for general or scientific purposes, nor shall the act of distribution constitute any such warranty. This disclaimer applies both to individual use of the data and aggregate use with other data. It is strongly recommended that these data are directly acquired from a Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife server, and not indirectly through other sources which may have changed the data in some way. It is also strongly recommended that careful attention be paid to the contents of the metadata file associated with these data. The Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife shall not be held liable for improper or incorrect use of the data described and/or contained herein.
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: ARCE
Format_Version_Number: Version 7.1
File_Decompression_Technique: gzip
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name: http://wdfw.wa.gov/conservation/gap/gapdata/herps
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name: /conservation/gap/herps.htm
Fees: None

Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 19981110
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: Washington Department of Fish & Wildlife
Contact_Position:
Technical Services Manager, Wildlife Management Program
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing Address
Address: 600 Capitol Way North
City: Olympia
State_or_Province: Washington
Postal_Code: 98501
Country: USA
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing Address
City: Olympia
State_or_Province: Washington
Postal_Code: 98501
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 360-902-2515
Hours_of_Service: 8:00 AM to 5:00 PM Monday through Friday
Metadata_Standard_Name:
NBS Content Standards for National Biological Information Infrastructure Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version:
NBII Draft of June 1997, Based on FGDC of June 8, 1994
Metadata_Access_Constraints: None
Metadata_Use_Constraints: None
Metadata_Security_Information:
Metadata_Security_Classification_System: None
Metadata_Security_Classification: Unclassified
Metadata_Security_Handling_Description: None

Generated by mp on Thu Dec 10 12:08:13 1998