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<< Back to all DEIS Comments


Public Comments on Draft Environmental Impact Statement (DEIS)
Online Comments on DEIS: Wolf Conservation and Management Plan for Washington

<< Back to DEIS Online Comments list

Comments on Human Safety (Section 4.2.1):

NO WOLFS

Jim Steveson,  Vader WA

We can not put a price on human safety. So why are we intertaining ideas that could potentialy have a impact on the publics safety in the mountains, there are plenty of dangers without us trying to bring in griz. beers

Rick ,  Centralia WA

is this why they allow guns in the park

john gilbertson,  port angeles WA

Education is key

Lisa Dabek,  Seattle WA

You obviously failed to include reports on human safety caused by Hydatid Tapeworm Disease as reported in the following article-- Bulletin Number 36 Dec. 2009 Two-Thirds of Idaho Wolf Carcasses Examined Have Thousands of Hydatid Disease Tapeworms By George Dovel Hydatid cysts infect lungs, liver, and other internal organs of big Hydatid cysts infecting moose or caribou lungs. Photo courtesy of NW game animals. Michigan DNR Wildlife Disease Lab photo. Territories Department of Environment and Natural Resources. My first Outdoorsman article on hydatid disease caused by the tiny Echinococcosis granulosus tapeworm was published nearly 40 years ago. Back then we had many readers in Alaska and northern Canada where the cysts were present in moose and caribou and my article included statistics on the number of reported human deaths from these cysts over a 50-year period, and the decline in deaths once outdoorsmen learned what precautions were necessary to prevent humans from being infected. In Alaska alone, over 300 cases of hydatid disease in humans had been reported since 1950 as a result of canids (dog family), primarily wolves, contaminating the landscape with billions of E. granulosus eggs in their feces (called “scat” by biologists). These invisible eggs are ingested by grazing animals, both wild and domestic, and occasionally by humans who release clouds of the eggs into the air by kicking the scat or picking it up to see what the wolf had been eating. As with many other parasites, the eggs are very hardy and reportedly exist in extremes of weather for long periods, virtually blanketing patches of habitat where some are swallowed or inhaled. As Dr. Valerius Geist explained in his Feb-Mar 2006 Outdoorsman article entitled Information for Outdoorsmen in Areas Where Wolves Have Become Common, “(once they are ingested by animals or humans) the larvae move into major capillary beds – liver, lung, brain – where they develop into large cysts full of tiny tapeworm heads.” He continued, “These cysts can kill infected persons unless they are diagnosed and removed surgically. It consequently behooves us (a) to insure that this disease does not become widespread, and (b) that hunters and other outdoorsmen know that wolf scats and coyote scats should never be touched or kicked.” Dr. Geist’s article also warned, “If we generate dense wolf populations it is inevitable that such lethal diseases as Hydatid disease become established.” Because wolves and other canines perpetuate the disease by eating the organs of animals containing the cysts, and the tapeworms live and lay millions of eggs in their lower intestines, the logical way to insure the disease did not develop was not to import Canadian wolves that were already infected with the parasites. continued on page 2 Page 2 THE OUTDOORSMAN Dec. 2009 Hydatid Disease – continued from page 1 Despite Warnings From Experts. FWS and IDFG Ignored Diseases, Parasites Spread by Wolves This was common knowledge among wildlife biologists in northern Canada and in Alaska where FWS biologist Ed Bangs was stationed prior to being assigned to head the Northern Rocky Mountain Wolf Recovery Team. Yet in the July 1993 Draft Environmental Impact Statement (DEIS) provided to the public, Bangs chose not to evaluate the impact of wolf recovery on diseases and parasites (1993 DEIS page 1-17). This alarmed a number of experts on pathogens and parasites, including Will Graves who began his career working to eradicate foot and mouth disease in Mexico. As an interpreter who conducted research of Russian wolf impacts on wildlife, livestock and humans for several decades, Graves provided Bangs with information that wolves in Russia carry 50 types of worms and parasites, including Echinococcosis and others with various degrees of danger to both animals and humans. In his Oct. 3, 1993 written testimony to Bangs, Graves also cited the results of a 10-year Russian control study in which failure to kill almost all of the wolves by each spring resulted in up to 100% parasite infection rate of moose and wild boar with an infection incidence of up to 30-40 per animal. This compared to a 31% infection rate with an incidence of only 3-5 per animal where wolves were nearly eliminated each winter. Graves’ letter emphasized that despite the existence of foxes, raccoons and domestic dogs, wolves were always the basic source of parasite infections in moose and boar. He also emphasized the toll this would take on livestock producers and, along with other expert respondents, requested a detailed study on the potential impact wolves would have in regard to carrying, harboring and spreading disease. In the final 414-page Gray Wolf EIS (FEIS) dated April 14, 1994, only a third of a page addresses “Diseases and Parasites to and from Wolves” (Chapter 5 Page 55). It states: “Most respondents who commented on this issue expressed concern about diseases and parasites introduced wolves could transfer to other animals in recovery areas.” Bangs’ response states, “Wolves will be given vaccinations when they are handled to reduce the chances of them catching diseases from coyotes and other canids. Then Bangs stated, “Wolves will not significantly increase the transmission of rabies and other diseases,” yet offered nothing to substantiate his false claim. FWS Implies Graves’ Facts are Only His Opinion In “Appendices” Page 59, Bangs included a letter from FWS NRM Wolf Recovery Coordinator Steve Fritts to a Russian biology professor (also a member of the IUCN Wolf Specialist Group) asking him whether he thought the information in Mr. Graves’ letter is correct. On Page 60, that professor and another “IUCN Wolf Specialist” responded that Graves’ information “represents the opinion of only one side in (a) long and highly speculative discussion of (the) wolf role in Russia.” The two Russian wolf advocates failed to refute anything in Will Graves’ testimony yet the inference that his research was speculative rather than factual was apparently the only excuse Bangs used for his failure to heed Graves’ warnings. A dozen years earlier Bangs was the lead author of a Kenai Peninsula research report in which he similarly denied the impact of wolf predation on Alaska moose populations. As Dr. Geist has pointed out, the existence of hydatid disease (and other unique parasites and diseases in wild mammals and fish that some of us are not used to) is a fact of life that you learn to live with in the north country – or in many other places you choose to live or visit. The wildlife management agencies in Alaska and many of the Canadian provinces provide field guides explaining how to protect yourself and your animals from unique wildlife diseases and parasites you may encounter. But although Idaho has the most wilderness in the lower 48 states, it has 15 times as many people per square mile as Alaska, countless more pets and domestic animals and 150 times as many cattle. Any of these creatures found in areas where wolves traveled at some time of the year are at risk of becoming infected with the cysts – or if dogs – becoming carriers of the worms and distributors of the eggs which infect other animals and humans with hydatid disease. The highly touted testing of blood and fecal samples from live-trapped deer, elk, etc. does not reveal the existence of hydatid cysts, yet that was the only reported testing performed for 10-1/2 years after the first wolves were released in central Idaho and Yellowstone Park. In a January 2005 Outdoorsman article, I provided a photo of hydatid cysts in moose lungs, described the disease, and suggested legislators would benefit from the type of information provided by Alaska and Canada. IDFG Officially Discovered Hydatid Disease in 2005-06 In mid 2005, state wildlife health officials in Idaho began conducting necropcies (post mortem examinations) of many wildlife species. As in Minnesota, Michigan and Wisconsin, they found a number of the primary big game species they tested were infected with hydatid cysts – but only the Great Lakes wildlife agencies reported that fact to the public. As a matter of fact, by the time Dr. Geist’s warning about hydatid cysts appeared in the Feb-Mar 2006 Outdoorsman, I also published Minnesota’s finding that wolves were infecting livestock pastures and moose habitat with Neospora caninum, the parasite that causes abortions in cattle and moose and other members of the deer family. The upper left photo of hydatid cysts on the first page of this article was copied from information provided to its citizens by the Michigan DNR. Dec. 2009 THE OUTDOORSMAN Page 3 It is reasonable to assume that Michigan DNR’s publication of warnings to use protective gear when handling wolf scat and wolf carcasses and not let your dog eat internal organs from deer, moose, etc. may have saved a significant number of hunters and/or their children from becoming infected with hydatid disease. It is also reasonable to assume that Idaho Fish and Game’s failure to publish similar warnings during the four hunting seasons that have come and gone since the disease was officially discovered in Idaho may have allowed a significant number of Idaho hunters and/or their children to become infected with hydatid disease. On December 13, 2009 in Idaho Hunting Today and other Black Bear Blog websites, Tom Remington first revealed the results of the Washington laboratory checking Idaho and Montana wolf intestines for E. granulosus tapeworms. Mr. Remington was probably not aware of the 10-page September 2006 IDFG Wildlife Health Laboratory (WHL) Report which included only the following sentence about IDFG’s discovery of hydatid disease in mule deer, elk and a mountain goat during necropsy (post mortem) examinations of various species: “In addition, 1 mountain goat and several mule deer and elk were found to have hydatid cysts in the lungs (Echinococcus granulosa), likely with wolves as the definitive host of this previously unrecognized parasite in the state.” The report states: “Wolf necropsies indicated the presence of lice,” but makes no mention of finding E. granulosus eggs in the wolf feces or adult worms in the wolf intestines. It also mentions examining fecal samples from 10 live wolves that were captured but again there is no mention of the existence of the eggs which resulted in the deer, elk and a goat being infected with hydatid disease. The report, published by IDFG Director Steve Huffaker, was signed by IDFG Veterinarians Mark Drew and Phil Mamer and approved by IDFG Wildlife Program Coordinator Dale Toweill and IDFG Wildlife Bureau Chief (now Deputy Director) Jim Unsworth. Yet the September 2007 WHL Report published by new IDFG Director Cal Groen and signed by the same four IDFG officials states: “Wolf necropsies indicated the continued presence of lice (Trichodectes canis) and tape worm (Echinococcus), previously detected last year in Idaho. Wolves are most likely the definitive host of this previously unrecognized parasite in the state”. (emphasis added) In other words this 2007 Report admitted the worms were discovered in wolves in 2005-2006 but failed to mention the hydatid cysts that were also discovered in mule deer, elk and the mountain goat. The 2008 IDFG WHL Report contained exactly the same sentence about tapeworms in wolves as the 2007 report but again failed to mention the diseased deer and elk. To most of us the announcement of one more tapeworm found in a canine, especially a tiny one whose name we can neither pronounce nor remember, hardly merits a second glance. But when that worm is a new biotype that has never been reported south of the U.S-Canadian border, is already infecting deer and elk with a disease known to range from benign to debilitating to occasionally fatal in humans, and is obviously being spread by wolves across thousands of square miles, that would raise red flags of concern in most intelligent people. Most legislators and F&G Commissioners who received a copy of the September 2006 WHL Report that actually mentioned the hydatid cysts being found in deer and elk, did not find the word “disease” and had no clue what the presence of the cysts implied. It was the F&G Department’s responsibility to explain the parasite’s life cycle and provide the public with precautions that should be taken when skinning or handling wolves or their pelts. I regularly receive emails with photos like this from successful wolf hunters in Idaho who are “hugging” (posing with) the animals without wearing disposable gloves and face masks to prevent the threat of infection from touching the pelt with bare hands. continued on page 4 Page 4 THE OUTDOORSMAN Dec. 2009 Hydatid Disease – continued from page 3 Funding of the activities reported in the WHL Annual Reports discussed earlier is part hunter and fisherman license funds and part P-R and D-J federal excise taxes paid by those same hunters and fishermen. The projects are approved and the federal funds administered by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) – the same agency that shares responsibility with IDFG for introducing the non-native wolves and their non-native parasites and diseases. If Fish and Game officials had told the media, Idaho citizens and their legislators the truth about the spread of hydatid disease by excessive numbers of wolves when they first knew of its existence, the public outcry would almost certainly have prevented managing for up to five times as many wolves as was agreed upon. In 2008 when IDFG Director Groen and Idaho Fish and Game Commissioner Gary Power informed the Legislature of their intention not to reduce the number of wolves in Idaho, both had known about the rapid spread of E. granulosis in wolves and the resulting spread of hydatid disease in elk and deer for several years. In fact, in August of 2006, IDFG Veterinarian Mark Drew made a presentation to the Wildlife Disease Association Annual Meeting at the University of Connecticut titled “Possible introduction of parasites with wolves in Idaho.” ID, MT F&G Ignored Responsibility to Warn Public Instead of fulfilling their responsibility to see that hunters and ranchers in Idaho and Montana received instruction on how to protect themselves from becoming infected, from 2006-2008 Drew and two of his counterparts from Montana participated in the evaluation of the lower intestines of 123 more wolves from Idaho and Montana. This is the study reported by Tom Remington on Dec. 13, 2009, in which 62% of Idaho wolves and 63% of Montana wolves contained E. granulosis tapeworms, and 71% of all the wolves tested contained Taenia sp, also predicted by Will Graves. The study report says: “The detection of thousands of tapeworms per wolf was a common finding,” and also said: “Based on our results, the parasite is now well established in wolves in these states and is documented in elk, mule deer, and a mountain goat as intermediate hosts.” Of the wolves that contained E. granulosis, more than half contained more than 1,000 worms per wolf. To put that in perspective, if each tapeworm can produce up to 1,000 eggs every 10 days for two years as is reported, 1,000 wolves with 1,000 tapeworms each are capable of spreading up to 73 billion eggs over the landscape in two years! The study provided a map of wolf locations indicating that areas with the highest known wolf density also have the highest percent of infected wolves (exactly as predicted by Dr. Geist). The study reported that the prevalence of E. granulosis tapeworms in wolves in Canada, Alaska and Minnesota varied from 14% to 72% and said the 63% rate found in Idaho and Montana was comparable. But if one subtracts the strip across southern Idaho where few wolves exist and only two that were tested had the parasite, the prevalence of tapeworms in the areas with higher wolf densities was almost 90 percent! During the past 20 years, medical case histories suggest that the course of the northern (sylvatic) strain of Hydatid Disease where wolves infect wild cervids (deer, elk, moose, etc.) is normally less severe on most humans than the domestic (pastoral) strain where dogs infect domestic sheep and other ruminants. The authors of the wolf parasite study used this information to try to downplay the potential impact of hydatid disease transmitted by wolves to humans in Idaho and Montana. They also included the following statement to create the false impression that there is limited chance of Idaho and Montana residents becoming infected: “Most human cases of hydatid disease have been detected in indigenous peoples who hunt wild cervids or are reindeer herders with dogs.” At least part of that statement is accurate because most of the people who live in isolated areas and are more exposed are either Indians or Eskimos. But they neglect to mention that several hundred thousand people in Idaho and Montana also hunt wild cervids and thousands more work or recreate where wolves have contaminated the land and drinking water with the parasite eggs. Unless the cysts are formed in the brain, heart, spleen or kidneys, infected people may carry them undetected for years, while they slowly grow larger until they eventually create severe problems or death. Because the death of most people from so-called natural causes is attributed to heart failure, etc., without an autopsy being performed, the actual number of deaths resulting from hydatid disease remains a matter of speculation. Case histories reveal that detection of hydatid disease in living humans often occurs as a result of a CT Scan or Ultrasound performed for another reason. Dr. Geist’s reply to the lack of concern expressed for humans who will become infected was, “It’s nothing to fool around with. Getting an Echinococcus cyst of any kind is no laughing matter as it can grow not only on the liver or the lungs, but also in the brain. And then it’s fatal.” He also asked if another parasite, E, multilocularis, found in Alberta wolves, also exists in the transplanted wolves in Idaho and Montana. “(It‘s) much more virulent than Echinococcus granulosus of any strain, we cannot encapsulate this cyst, and it grows and buds off like a cancer infecting different parts of the body incessantly.” (NOTE: Three separate studies conducted over a 10-year period in Minnesota concluded that 87% of moose mortality is related to parasites and infectious diseases. The insanity of pretending to restore “healthy” ecosystems by allowing uncontrolled large carnivores to spread parasites and diseases is becoming painfully obvious – ED)

Dave Welch,  White Salmon WA

Use non-lethal methods to remove problem animals.

Ann Soule,  

Human life should be protected at all times in cases of active attack. Presence of wolves without attack should be formally recognized as a non-threat.

JULIAN RUSSELL,  BRISTOW VA

I do not think this is as big of issue as some have portrayed.

Ray DePuydt,  Kettle Falls WA

Why comment, when has WDFW ever listened anyway. These wolves are kind of like cougars. They will prey on whatever is easy, even if it is a 3 y.o. playing in a fenced yard.

Johnny Rebel,  East Wenatchee WA

Wolf attacks on humans are so rare that this section could almost be omitted.

Sean V Owen,  Seattle WA

Human Safety is not an issue when dealing with wolves.

Tristan Higgins,  Seattle WA

I strongly oppose any plans to introduce wolves anywhere in Washington. Yes, I know they are already here. They will spread on on their own and will do great damage to wildlife eventually, and this should not be aided by the department.

Gregory R Field,  Seattle WA

I support the proposals in the DEIS.

Anonymous

As a user of wilderness areas state-wide, I accept the risks of co-existence with large predators such as the Gray Wolf and the Grizzly. I also look forward to the benefits.

Ronald Pearson,  Seattle WA

Will not affect human safety.

Joe Sheeran,  Ellensburg WA

not a huge issue, but it will be in time as prey species populations plummet, which they will.

Ty Brown,  Naches WA

Manipulated information that is misleading, a sales pitch for wolves.

dale denney,  colville WA

As wolves move,we'll see what they will live on ,in time.

Gerald W Guhlke,  Reardan WA

I do not like the idea that I will have to get a gun, a weapons permit and carry it in the forest just to ensure that I will beable to defend myself, my dogs, my cattle and my horse.

AnonymousClarkston WA

See #1

Anonymous

Your kidding right? The last thing I fear in the woods are wolves. We need some 25 foot gators. Think a wolf could take a gator?

James Maves,  Pomeroy WA

Wolves are not a threat to human saftey as long as they have not been fed or inappropriately contacted by humans

Diane Sonntag,  Tenino WA

I don't worry about wolves.

Matt Dahlgreen,  Wenatchee WA

My family rents land in the high mountains for livestock grazing. I have three children under the age of eleven and they help us with the continuous movement of this livestock. I believe with the wolf here their safety is in danger.

Jess Kayser,  Centerville WA

not at all concerned with human safety with regard to wolves.

Stephanie George,  Newport WA

We are not concerned about safety. It is our understanding the there have been no documented cases of humans being killed by a non-rabid gray wolf in North America. We do watch out for bears and cougars, however.

Kathleen Fisher,  Shoreline WA

We are not concerned about safety. It is our understanding the there have been no documented cases of humans being killed by a non-rabid gray wolf in North America. We do watch out for bears and cougars, however.

Frank Fisher,  Shoreline WA

See general comments on DEIS

Bob Hester,  Yakima WA

we will see, I am sure there will be confrontations. I would like to see the proponents of wolves in Washington held responsible for human safey.

Gary Nielsen,  Colville WA

I have persoanly been surrounded by wolves in canada was glad i had a rifle

gary Ryan,  sekiu WA

I spend a significant amount of my free time recreating (hiking and skiing) on state and federal land in Okanogan County and I do not feel threatened by the wolves.

Jennifer Molesworth,  Twisp WA

I have a 2 year old son and another one on the way, and I feel very unsafe in the blue mountains when we go up to do some mushroom hunting. The attacks on humans has increased by astronomical amounts, and nothing has been done about it. I am very worried about the future of outdoor activities with kids. I hope Washington figures it out.

Aaron Neer,  Kennewick WA

See above.

Charles LeBer,  Port Angeles WA

Wolves will be a threat just as any other wild animal such as lions, bears and coyotes. Except their nature to hunt in packs will make them extremely more leathle and difficult to protect against.

Wayne Vinyard,  Glenwood WA

The DEIS ignores the nature of population density in the state of WA. It acknowledges the fact that increased contact with people will result in loss of fear, but makes no reasonable allowances for the great numbers of people in the state, other than to "educate" them. The problem is not with the people; the problem is the wolves. I have seen what coyotes with frequent human contact will do--attack my dog within 30 feet of us riding on horseback--and shudder to think of what a wolf pack will do.

Nathan Putnam,  Glenwood WA

The bleeding hearts sure desire to see them reintroduced but want them removed as soon as they inter the zoned and developed areas where they live. Like the Bear and cougars that inter into the neighborhoods I vote to take away the right to remove them. I wonder just how much money the state spends each year to control the problem animals. can you tell me? and why would you add to the problem by introducing a predator that has a history of the same and more.!!!!

FRED S Chapman, Jr,  RAYMOND WA

If ANY wolf threatens ANY human being, immediate lethal force should be applied. Have you seen the size of some of these beasts? Imagine what a small woman or a child would face against these animals.

Ronald Riedasch,  Anacortes WA

Dog attacks will put humans at risk in the great outdoors that we are supposed to enjoy.

John Eaton,  Ellensburg WA

No documented attacks by wolves here in the Midwest, so a non-issue. Poaching of wolves is a much bigger concern.

James R Salkas,  Oak Lawn IL

We must learn to live in the "age of restoration" and give back as much as we have taken from the land community. Wolf recovery is a good start.

David Moen,  Oregon City OR

look at loss of pets in the bitteroot valley MT.

scott fowler,  burlington WA

with so many hikers from sububarn areas can these inexperienced outdoorsman handle a wolf encounter?

dylan peterson,  federal way WA

law suits

bruce oergel,  ellensburg WA

Human Over population is a Safety issue.

Jetta Hurst,  Auburn WA

NO WOLVES

Anonymous

Agree that wolves pose a very low risk to human safety.

Karen Goodrowe Beck,  Gig Harbor WA

Like any large predator, if allowed to be hunted it learns to fear or avoid humans. This is a safe practice because it keeps these large predator from encroaching on populated areas as much. It's impossible to keep all large predators from civilization due to humans moving out of metropolitan areas and into more rural settings, but hunting will establish the fear relationship among large predators and humans.

Mark Olis,  

Threat to our children and man at times.

Tom Freeman,  Tonasket WA

Who will pay the lawsuit when a wolf eats its first child or hiker.

Anonymous

There are few if any accounts of wolf being a risk to human safety with the possible exception of small children or people who instigate encounters with any wild animal.

Ryan Alexander Sparks,  Pullman WA

In all of recorded history there has never been a case of a healthy,wild wolf ever attacking a human. Human fear of wolves is as most fear is born from misinformation or ignorance.

Bill Liggett,  Eatonville WA

kill every damn wolf in washington idaho and montana. its devastating the elk and deer populations already in tremendous amounts. hunters keep the populations of elk and deer at a good rate anyhow theres no need in destroy all of the deer and elk. soon there wont be any. i hate this state and its government. i hate washington state

Anonymous

Some members consider the wolve to be a detrement to their activites.

Jim Rubert,  Puyallup WA

Wolves are dangerous to children. Especially at rural locations and in the mornings or afternoons coming and going to school and home.

Raymond Borbon,  Kirkland WA

Safety in the woods for young children will be adversely affected by this reckless program of wolf reintroduction.

Jay Arment,  Spokane WA

Suggesting we be on our guard and/or watch our children in parks and at rural bus stops is not realistic.

William Wolf Hoke,  Bremerton WA

Educate, educate, educate.

Marcia avajas,  Bainbridge Island WA

Human's need to realize that they are part of the food chain as well as other animals. Mostly, we are at the top, but you can not blame a hungry animal to take a bite. People need to use common sense and realize that they are taking a risk anytime they wake up and get over it.

Karl Schulke,  Republic WA

Human safety is a concern, as I understand there have already been a road killed wolf in Stevens County

Jim Lamb,  Spokane WA

More Wolves would put more people at risk partaking in outdoor events and activity.

Kenneth Nilson,  Silverdale WA

Wolves are about zero risk to humans

Jack Hirsch,  bellevue WA

look at what happend in Anchorage Ak last year, or Fairbanks ...

Rick Turvey,  Yakima WA

Low risk to humans from wold attacks. Use other states stats

Roger Wallace,  Leavenworth WA

I am concerned of the safety of the general public and especially children who live in rural areas.

Michael Korenko,  Carson WA

it is nice to go out and enjoy the woods without having to worry about wolves killing your pets and stalking you at the same time. It does happen.

Anonymous

I truly believe that with education and good management, man an wolf can once again respect each other. Public education. Volunteers.

Faith Morgan,  Vancouver WA

Without hunting of wolves they have no fear of man. It's a total no brainer. Public safety will be negatively affected.

Jeff Butterworth,  Maple Valley WA

We accept much bigger risks every time we get in a car. The risk of harm from wolves, while it exists, is statistically negligible

Andrew Reding,  Port Townsend WA

Conflicts between people and wolves needs to be managed in such a way that the balance between community safety and Wolves' role as top predators is based on scientific knowledge and best practices methodology.

elizabeth archambault,  Seattle WA

Good general information but what I love most about this is the education that is needed about the Wolf, especially with those that are more likely to encounter a Wolf.

Lois Neuman,  Vancouver WA

As a member online of the League of Women Voters and also having a sister who is a chairperson of the League of Women Voters in Virginia who works parttime for a Senator who support the conservation of God's breathing creations, not for man's purpose, but for His.

MB ,   FL

there is no report of a wolf attack in north america

Gary Hemenway,  Hoquiam WA

People should be educated not to feed wild animals and to keep garbage cleaned up. They should be taught what to do when they see wolves.

Michael Heath,  Whitestown IN

Human Safety is an ever increasing concern. Prior to the introduction of these wolves, man could enjoy the outdoors without such a threat. Now if you live in the country, you better carry a firearm just to go get your mail. With allowing the wolf populations to expand, the State of Washington is increasing the likelihood of attacks on humans. IT WILL HAPPEN. It did in Canada as recent as a year ago.

Teresa Selby,  Bonney Lake WA

People seem to have an overblown fear of being attacked. Hopefully education will help.

Anonymous

If people do not know how to stay safe around wolves, they should move elsewhere. However, as that is probably not reasonable, rather than impacting the wolves, educate the public.

Teresa Fox,  Bremerton WA

Wolves are shy. I worry about small child or infant.

Micheal Pacholski,  Toledo OH

It would be nice to transplant some wolves in the parks around seattle it would save you guys gas money from having to travel and see them and perhaps change your way of thinking

Anonymous

You do not address when people are in danger they may kill a wolf. Why? The plan covers dogs, cows, horses, livestock, pets, but not people. Are you intentionally suggesting that wolves pose no threat at all to people?

Darcy Mitchem,  Toutle Wa WA

I do not believe the BS on lack of human predation. I have a good friend that would provide birds-eye input to the contrary.

Larry Zalaznik,  Walla Walla WA

Very good here.

Thomas F McLaughlin,  Spokane WA