Scientific review of federal biological opinion

Panel Members

The co-chairs of the Panel are:

  • David R. Bernard, Ph.D., is the co-chair of the panel representing Alaska.  Dr. Bernard is a fisheries scientist and biometrician with over 30 years post-graduate experience involving management of commercial and recreational fisheries for salmon and non-salmon species in the Pacific Northwest.  His post-graduate work has involved population dynamics and stock assessment resulting in over 75 papers and reports; his graduate research involved modeling predator-prey relationships among fish populations.  A former faculty member at Oregon State University and a former employee of the Alaska Department of Fish and Game, Dr. Bernard retired in 2007 as the scientist in charge of the Research and Technical Services Section of the Department.  He currently is a member of the Chinook Technical Committee and is a co-chair of the Sentinel Stocks Committee for the Pacific Salmon Commission..
  • Steven Jeffries, the Washington co-chair, is a Research Scientist and marine mammal specialist for the Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife.  He has worked on a variety of Northwest marine mammal issues for over 30 years with a focus on harbor seals, California sea lions, Steller sea lions and sea otters.  His research efforts on these species have included studies to address their general biology, distribution, abundance, status, trends, diet, foraging ecology, and contaminant pathways.  He is a member of NOAA’s Pacific Scientific Review Group and represents the Department in efforts to mitigate regional marine mammal fishery interaction issues.

Two additional Panel members were chosen by the co-chairs.

  • Dr. Andrew Trites is a Professor and Director of the Marine Mammal Research Unit in the Fisheries Centre at the University of British Columbia. His main area of research is the interaction between marine mammals and fisheries. His research encompasses the ecology, population biology and bioenergetics of seals, sea lions and whales, and involves a combination of field, captive and computer studies.  Andrew directs the North Pacific Universities Marine Mammal Research Consortium and holds a BSc from McGill University, and an MSc and a PhD from UBC.
  • Dr. Gunnar Knapp is a Professor of Economics at the University of Alaska Anchorage Institute of Social and Economic Research, where he has worked since receiving his Ph.D. in Economics from Yale University in 1981.  For the past thirty years Dr. Knapp has been continuously engaged in research on fisheries management, seafood markets, and the Alaska economy.  Dr. Knapp teaches courses at the University of Alaska Anchorage on fisheries economics and the Alaska economy.  He is currently writing a book on “An Introduction to the Economics of Fish.”