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Bottomfish Identification: Greenling

Rock Greenling
Hexagrammos lagocephalus

Rarely caught by recreational harvesters within Puget Sound.

Description: The body of the rock greenling varies in color but is usually greenish to brown with darker mottling.  Most males tend to have red blotches on the sides.  Five lateral lines run along the body. The fins have dark bars or blotches.  The inside of the mouth is bluish. This species has a large cirrus above the eye.

Maximum Size: To 61 cm (24 in) in length, and 830 g (1.83 lbs) in weight.

Maximum Age: Information is lacking for this species.

Range/Habitat:  Rock greenling range from the Bering Sea, Alaska to Point Conception, California.  This species is fairly uncommon in southern California. They can be found in shallow rocky nearshore areas, especially on exposed coasts.


  • Eschmeyer, W.N., E.S. Herald and H. Hammann, 1983. A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 336 p.