Chum Salmon Life History
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Adult Stages

ocean adult

Ocean bright chum salmon. Sexes can be difficult to distinguish at this stage. Adult chum size ranges from 17 to 38 inches and average weight 9 to 11 pounds.


Female (top) and male (bottom) chum salmon in spawning condition.

Ocean bright chum: The Life Cycle of Pacific Salmon. Canadian Fisheries and Oceans. 8 p.

Chum spawner pair: Emmett, R. L., S. L. Stone, S. A. Hinton, and M. E. Monaco. 1991. Distribution and abundance of fishes and invertebrates in west coast estuaries, Volume II: species life history summaries. ELMR Rep. No. 8. NOAA/NOS Strategic Environ. Assessments Div., Rockville, Md. 329 p.