Funded Projects

The Puget Sound Marine and Nearshore Grant Program has received $18,071,206 from the EPA to fund actions that advance Puget Sound recovery by protecting and restoring marine and nearshore habitats and ecosystem functions.  This list represents projects funded in five categories with funding through FFY14.  Following this is a list of planned activities if an anticipated award of $2.5 million is received in FFY15.

Effective Regulation and Stewardship Project Grants

  1. Marine Shoreline Monitoring and Compliance Pilot Project in WRIA 9 – $43,703 – King County Water and Land Resources
    King County surveyed 92 miles of marine shoreline in WRIA 9 to collect shoreline use data that was cross-checked with baseline data, in order to assess change in shoreline armoring and other infrastructure. Changes were evaluated for whether they had required permits. Any new, unpermitted, anthropogenic shoreline modifications were followed-up on with relevant jurisdictions. End date: 5/31/14
    Products: Report on results of boat-based surveys of the 92 mile marine shoreline of WRIA 9, which identified changes in condition from baseline data, as well as whether these changes were permitted
  2. Targeted Outreach to Reduce Impacts from Shore Hardening in the PSMA – $100,178 – Northwest Straits Foundation
    The goal of this project was to prevent the negative ecosystem impacts that result from hardening of the marine shoreline in the Port Susan Marine Stewardship Area (PSMSA). End date: 6/30/14
    Partners: Island and Snohomish County Marine Resource Committees and County Planning Departments
    Products: Maps of PSMSA, needs assessment of planners and shoreline landowners, educational materials informed by needs assessment, workshops for planners and coastal landowners, free professional on-site technical assistance visits to landowners.
  3. Protecting Nearshore and Marine Habitat in Mason County: Improving Permit Processes, Enforcement, and Public Outreach – $82,797 – Mason County Community Development
    This goal of this project was to improve implementation and compliance with the County’s Resource Ordinance (RO), conduct an outreach program to shoreline property owners and help shoreline landowners comply with existing regulations, as well as hire an enforcement officer. Only partial but informative work was completed, and a backlog of enforcement cases were closed as a result of the project. End date: 3/31/14
    Products: Project terminated early but some results produced – a survey of the county planning staff to assess their needs, six months of reports by an enforcement officer, outreach materials for shoreline property owners/shore stewards, technical papers for landowners on shoreline management topics.
  4. Nearshore Permitting Effectiveness through T.A.C.T. – $250,000Kitsap County
    Kitsap County, San Juan County and the Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife are implementing a trouble shooting, action planning, course correction and tracking and monitoring (T.A.C.T.) approach to reviewing and renovating shoreline permitting systems. End date: 5/5/15
    Partners: San Juan County, Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife
    Products: Analysis of the needs and gaps of the permitting process related to sustained shoreline protection, and reports that identify the actions that are practicable, changes implemented, results of on-site monitoring, measurable improvements in shoreline regulatory effectiveness, and final conclusions and recommendations
  5. Protecting the Strait of Juan de Fuca Nearshore – $320,179 – Coastal Watershed Institute
    New data and improved tools to support and enhance effective shoreline regulation in Clallam County. It linked coastal physical processes, the economic values of these functions, and the land use practices required to protect these functions. It also engaged the local community through a series of workshops. End date: 7/31/14
    Partners: Clallam County, Washington Department of Natural Resources, Department of Ecology, Earth Economics
    Products: Ecosystem services valuation report for Clallam County, report on related field metrics, LIDAR-based sediment budget and bluff erosion model
  6. Protecting Ecosystem Functions with SLR and Cumulative Effects Management Tools – $152,950 – Friends of the San Juans
    The goal of this project was to achieve long-term protection of nearshore ecosystems by creating new technical tools and adaptive management strategies to address cumulative impacts and sea level rise within existing regulatory frameworks, provide policy reform recommendations, and encourage improvements to conservation policies at the local and regional level. End date: 5/15/14
    Partners: Coastal Geologic Services, Salish Sea Biological, technical team of local, state, tribal and university experts
    Products: With a focus on San Juan County, climate change and cumulative effects regulatory review, sea level rise threat assessment, cumulative effects of armor assessment, tidal elevation of spawn study, and management recommendations based on results of the project
  7. 20% More Eelgrass by 2020: Restoration Site Identification, and Investigating Restoration Barriers – $506,403 – WADNR
    This project developed a model to locate sites within Puget Sound and the Strait of Juan de Fuca suitable for successful eelgrass restoration, and tested the model at several locations with eelgrass transplants. The results included maps that indicate areas that could be successful restoration sites, as well as recommendations for priority actions regarding eelgrass restoration. End date: 8/11/14
    Partners: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
    Products: Eelgrass habitat suitability maps and recommendations on areas where eelgrass could be restored, publishable manuscript that documents the process, results, and recommendations from the project
  8. Puget Sound Shoreline Master Program Improvement – $226,278 – Futurewise
    Futurewise worked with counties, cities, and state agencies to provide technical assistance and outreach on Shoreline Master Program (SMP) implementation, and with citizens on SMP updates. The goals were to ensure no net loss of fish and wildlife habitats, protection of shoreline ecosystems and water quality, and to encourage effective and efficient permitting. End date: 8/15/14
    Products: Technical white papers addressing issues around SMP Implementation: Incentives, permitting and mitigation, compliance & enforcement, agency cooperation, SMP update toolkit.
  9. Ensuring Regulatory Effectiveness in Puget Sound’s Most Special Places – $300,000 – Washington Environmental Council
    The goal of this project was to provide education about aquatic reserves and develop Citizen Stewards for five Puget Sound aquatic reserves by training local citizens to be involved in their stewardship and to help improve implementation of regulations in adjacent areas. End date: 10/15/14
    Partners: Nisqually Reach Nature Center, Whidbey Watershed Stewards, ReSources for Sustainable Communities,
    Products: Development of Citizen Committees around each of the Aquatic Reserves, development of Citizen Science projects and protocols (intertidal, pigeon guillemot, forage fish monitoring)
  10. Marine Shoreline Design Guidelines – $593,607 – Department of Fish and Wildlife
    WDFW led the development of engineering guidance on soft shoreline armoring techniques. This project evaluated the performance of six major shoreline protection techniques with respect to site and process unit conditions, and compiled a set of best practices to determine which techniques are appropriate in certain environments. End date: 8/31/14
    Products: Engineering guidance document approved by AHG committee on alternative shoreline treatments to hard armoring, development of training on the guidance.
  11. Puget Sound Feeder Bluffs Mapping – $355,500 – Department of Ecology
    This project produced Sound-wide data on the location of feeder bluffs, bluffs that provide a significant volume of sediment to the beach, and guidance on the significance and use of this information. End date: 5/5/14
    Products: Report on complete set of feeder bluff maps for Puget Sound, feeder bluff data set on Ecology’s GIS website and for the public on Ecology’s Coastal Atlas map server.
  12. Support Public Awareness, Outreach and Engagement on SMP Updates – $49,456 – Puget Sound Partnership
    The Grant Program contributed funding to two Targeted Awareness Grants (TAG) through Puget Sound Partnership that worked to increase public awareness and understanding that Puget Sound is in trouble, as well as the significance and potential impacts of shoreline management. End date: 12/31/13
    Products: SMP primer document and basic build out maps for use in educating the public regarding the SMP process in San Juan County, report on shoreline landowner knowledge and awareness of shoreline management and habitat issues in Mason County, report on SMP outreach to shoreline landowners and the public in Mason County
  13. Compliance Assessment – $39,968 – Department of Ecology / WDFW
    This project compiled information about compliance with and enforcement of existing shoreline development regulations across Puget Sound, reviewed literature on improving implementation of regulatory programs, and interviewed regulatory program staff in order to develop recommendations on effective approaches to improve compliance. End date: 3/31/14
    Products: Report that compiles and analyzes existing information on compliance and enforcement of existing shoreline regulations and makes recommendations on successful strategies to improve compliance
  14. Shore Friendly Website– $100,000 – Cognition/Braindunk, Puget Sound Marine and Nearshore Grant Program
    This project provides a web-based resource for shoreline landowners to learn more about shoreline armoring, beach processes, soft shore alternatives, incentive options, and more, as well as provides a home for the Shore Friendly social marketing campaign. End date: Indefinite
    Partners: WDFW, WDNR
    Products: Shore Friendly website
  15. Develop Booklet on Marine Shoreline Design Guidelines– $100,000 – WDFW
    The recently published MSDG has long been awaited by the region and demand for the guidelines is high. This project will allow further dissemination of the MSDG by developing a version for shoreline property owners. End date: 9/31/16
    Products: Property owner version  of the MSDG and additional outreach and dissemination
  16. Landowner Incentives to Reduce Puget Sound Shoreline Armoring – $312,117 – Northwest Straits Foundation
    The project will work to reduce shoreline armoring by implementing a social marketing strategy that provides incentives to landowners. Incentives include informational workshops, technical assistance visits, permit assistance, and design services. This is one of five grants awarded to pilot landowner incentives programs that lead to a reduction in shoreline armoring. End date: 9/30/16
    Products: 12 workshops, 100 site visits, 10 armor removal/softening designs, permitting assistance
  17. Incentives to Reduce Shoreline Armor in Island County – $290,399 – Island County
    This project is for Island County DNR to implement the social marketing strategy to reduce shoreline armor. This is one of five grants awarded to pilot landowner incentives programs that lead to a reduction in shoreline armoring.  End date: 9/30/16
    Products: Streamlined permitting processes, permit fee subsidies, 8 trainings for influences (realtors, contractors), social marketing campaign for Island County
  18. Kitsap County Social Marketing Campaign – $365,854 – Kitsap County
    This project is for Kitsap County Department of Community Development to implement a social marketing campaign to reduce shoreline armor. This is one of five grants awarded to pilot landowner incentives programs that lead to a reduction in shoreline armoring. End date: 9/30/16
    Products: Social marketing campaign, including outreach and branding, earned media and testimonials, demonstration boat tours, Shore Friendly ambassadors, influencer outreach, financial incentives, permit streamlining, erosion assessments, geotechnical assessments
  19. Shore Friendly Campaign in Mason County – $315,155 – Mason Conservation District
    This grant is for Mason Conservation District to implement a social marketing strategy to reduce shoreline armor. This is one of five grants awarded to pilot landowner incentives programs that lead to a reduction in shoreline armoring. End date: 9/30/16
    Products: Shore Friendly campaign for Mason county, earned media and awards, mailings, 6 community forums, realtor workshops, articles for local media, Shore Friendly webpage for Mason Conservation District, nearshore technical team and training protocol, nearshore technical assistance
  20. Shore Friendly Campaign in San Juan County – $348,170 – San Juan County
    The purpose of this project is to conduct a social marketing campaign for shoreline property owners in San Juan County. This is one of five grants awarded to pilot landowner incentives programs that lead to a reduction in shoreline armoring. End date: 9/30/16
    Products: Focus groups, Shore Friendly campaign materials, property owner surveys, Shore Friendly permit process, Shore Friendly ambassador, technical assistance, influencer workshops, professional training for staff
  21. Island County Marine and Nearshore Compliance Improvement Project – $107,400 – Island County
    This project aims to improve regulatory compliance in Island County’s shoreline areas by initiating a permit compliance monitoring program, improving targeted outreach and education efforts, increasing the efficiency of shoreline permit review procedures, and more efficiently using existing resources. This is one of four grants awarded to implement effective strategies for improving compliance with shoreline development regulations. End date: 9/30/16
    Products: Strategic plan for improving compliance, outreach and training strategy, training for staff, contractors, and consultants, homeowner outreach, revised PCAD application form, strategic plan for updating compliance tools and technology, GIS mapping and data inventory update
  22. City of Seattle Habitat Evaluations Procedures Program (HEP) – $110,920 – City of Seattle
    This project will develop a HEP program for approximately 16 miles of shoreline area along Puget Sound, Elliot Bay, Shilshole Bay, and the Duwamish River estuary with the City of Seattle’s jurisdiction. This is one of four grants awarded to implement effective strategies for improving compliance with shoreline development regulations. End date: 9/30/16
    Products: Maps for each of the two geographic areas that identify the habitat units for each geographic area based on the habitat needs for Chinook salmon
  23. Monitoring Ecological Function with Remote Sensing – $137,124 – City of Bainbridge Island
    This project will use LiDAR and high-resolution imagery to quantify land use/land cover change for the purpose of monitoring and evaluating shoreline compliance rates over time and to inform “no net loss” monitoring. This is one of four grants awarded to implement effective strategies for improving compliance with shoreline development regulations. End date: 9/30/16
    Products: Aerial LiDAR and imagery for Bainbridge Island, field data, land use/land cover map, white paper on methodologies, metrics, and incorporating data into monitoring plans
  24. High Resolution Change Detection (HRCD)-based Shoreline Master Program (SMP) Effectiveness and Compliance Monitoring – $162,500 – Thurston County
    This project will develop a process to evaluate shoreline vegetation and land cover change by using HRCD data and an online application. This is one of four grants awarded to implement effective strategies for improving compliance with shoreline development regulations. End date: 9/30/16
    Products: HRCD-based SMP Compliance and Effectiveness protocols manual, report on the implementation of monitoring based on protocols manual and report of findings, HRCD computer application

Adaptive Management Grants

  1. Puget Sound Integrated Risk Assessment – $199,500 – Puget Sound Partnership
    Partial funding to support an integrated risk assessment, which evaluated specific pressures on the Puget Sound ecosystem (marine and nearshore, terrestrial, and freshwater) at various scales by elicitation of expert opinion. End date: 6/30/14
    Partners: Ross Strategic
    Products: Report on the vulnerability of endpoints (habitat and species)to different stressors
  2. Quantifying the Impacts of Shoreline Armoring – $380,571 – Skagit River System Cooperative
    Using a multidisciplinary approach, the Skagit River System Cooperative will study the impacts of shoreline armoring on nearshore processes and species. End date: 7/15/15
    Partners: University of Washington, Swinomish Tribal Community, Tulalip Tribe, NOAA
    Products: Paired site data on the impacts of shoreline armoring on food webs, shellfish, forage fish, and habitat, Puget Sound drift cell map and pocket estuary map, data on bird and dish assemblages across Puget Sound, application of existing sea level rise models to predict the potential future impacts to existing armoring, and integrating this work with existing data collected in South and Central Puget Sound from other recent projects using the same methods.
  3. Monitoring the Effects of Armor Removal in Puget Sound - $171,395  – WDFW
    This project will establish pre- and post-armoring removal data at select sites throughout Puget Sound, and will greatly contribute to the state of the science on the effects of shoreline armoring, as well as support evidence-based approaches for armoring removal and soft-shore techniques. End date: 9/31/16
    Partners: Restoration project sponsors, researchers from NGOs, universities, and state, local, and tribal governments
    Products: Data that will lead to a better understanding of the effects of shoreline restoration and which builds a foundation for further investigation
  4. Analyze and Disseminate Grant Program Results – $239,085 – Puget Sound Institute
    This project will connect previously funded projects and their results with audiences such as implementers, state and federal policymakers, PSP staff, regional scientists, and others. End date: 9/31/16
    Product: Analysis and communications plan for grant program results

Habitat Restoration and Protection Grants

  1. Puget Sound Derelict Net Removal and Pilot Response – $668,360 – Program Northwest Straits Foundation
    The Northwest Straits Foundation (NWSF) coordinated the removal of shallow water nets in Puget Sound. NWSF also designed and is implementing a response and removal program for new and reported lost nets. End date: 1/31/15
    Products: Reports on removal of shallow water derelict nets in Puget Sound, establishing and testing a response and retrieval process, maintaining and managing a database of reported nets and derelict gear, and publicizing the reporting process to the fishing community
  2. Social Marketing Strategy to Reduce Puget Sound Shoreline Armoring – $249,846 – Colehour + Cohen
    This project was part of an effort to reduce the amount of armoring along Puget Sound marine shorelines. It evaluated the barriers and motivators for private shoreline landowners in choosing to remove or forgo bulkheads or other modifications. The Grant Program provided this social marketing and behavior change strategy, as well as information about incentive options, to local governments and other entities across the region interested in implementing armoring reduction programs. End date: 5/5/14
    Partners: Social Marketing Services, Futurewise, Coastal Geologic Services, Applied Research Northwest
    Products: Database of Puget Sound residential shoreline parcels, including geophysical characteristics, status of armoring, and other details; social marketing strategy that evaluates the barriers and motivations for private shoreline landowners regarding shoreline management decisions around armoring; identification of effective ways to motivate different population segments to choose the behavior targets; and approaches for entities in the Puget Sound region to implement social marketing campaigns to achieve a reduction in shoreline armoring.
  3. Restoration and Protection of Puget Sound Marine Shorelines – $5,118,000 – Recreation and Conservation Office
    Eighteen habitat restoration and acquisition projects have been identified for funding by working through the Estuary and Salmon Restoration Program. Of these, six are bluff backed beach acquisition projects, four are delta and inlet restoration projects, and eight are beach restoration design or construction projects. End date: 10/31/16
  4. Restoration of Beaches through Armor Removal – $1,268,505 – Recreation and Conservation Office
    Previous investments have funded the design phase of three beach restoration projects (see Restoration and Projection of Puget Sound Marine Shorelines project above), but not the restoration itself. This project advances this work by funding the restoration phases. End date: 9/31/14
  5. Public Engagement and Education on Beach Restoration – $90,000 – Multiple awards
    These projects will engage the public and offer opportunities to view and learn about the importance and possibilities of restoring natural shoreline processes on beaches restored through previous grant funding.
    Partners: Local entities involved in beach restoration, including NGOs and local governments
    Products: Interpretive signage, outreach events and activities, field trips, opening day celebrations
  6. Pilot Eelgrass Restoration in Puget Sound – $500,000 - WDNR
    Using the “20% More Eelgrass by 2020” model, this project seeks to increase Puget Sound eelgrass acreage through plantings in areas identified as having a strong likelihood of success. The project will monitor the success of plantings as well as gather data at restoration sires that will contribute to understand the role eelgrass plays in buffering ocean acidification.
    Products: Restored eelgrass beds, monitoring data on eelgrass restoration, data related to eelgrass buffering of ocean acidification

High Priority Marine Issues: Invasive Species and Oil Spills

  1. Ballast Water Management Assessment – $139,943 – Department of Fish and Wildlife
    The goal of this project is to assess current ballast water management practices, which require vessels to perform an open sea ballast water exchange to minimize discharge and transport of coastal invasive species. End date: 1/15/15
    Products: Report on ballast water exchange, including advanced statistical analysis on vessel types, BWE methods used, tank types, last port source, and ballast water age, recommendations for using BWE sampling for regulatory purposes.
  2. Assessment of Biofouling Threats to Puget Sound – $150,580 – Portland State University
    This project evaluated and reported on biofouling-associated aquatic invasive species invasions in Puget Sound. It provided information on history and current status, and insights into priorities for a state biofouling management strategy that will interrupt and decrease the risk of this potent invasion pathway. End date: 5/9/14
    Partners: Smithsonian Environmental Research Center
    Products: Report summarizing invasive marine species in Puget Sound associated with biofouling, high-risk biofouling watercraft types, best management equipment and practices, non-watercraft biofouling pathways, as well as recommendations on other biofouling research and monitoring that should be conducted.
  3. Vessel Traffic Risk Assessment - Assessing Threats from Large Oil Spills – $200,000 – Puget Sound Partnership
    This project will assess key threats to Puget Sound from large oil spills, using and expanding on an existing risk model, in order to identify effective management strategies. End date: 6/30/15
    Products: Analysis of the risk from predicted increased vessel traffic in North Puget Sound related to expansion of the oil industry. A quantification of the relative difference between present and future risk, and a basis for making decisions on what risk management measure would be beneficial.
  4. Preparing COASST Post-Spill – $57,661 – UW COASST
    A grant to COASST (Coastal Observation and Seabird Survey Team) will help to expand the COASST bird mortality baseline dataset and provide training for team members who respond to oil spills. End date: 8/31/14
    Products: Expansion of the COASST Project to the N. Sound, oil spill protocol for COASST participants, select COASST participants trained in EOSR and 8-hour HAZWOPER certification so volunteers are prepared to respond to oil spills
  5. Geographic Expansion of the Puget Sound Seabird Survey and Early On-Scene Training – $53,299 – Seattle Audubon Society
    The Seattle Audubon Society expanded the Puget Sound Seabird Survey into Strait of Juan de Fuca and northwest Whidbey Island. They gathered data important to potential future assessments of ecological damage in the event of an oil spill. It also trained volunteers to assess conditions at the scene of a reported oil spill to provide real-time monitoring and data collection. End date: 8/31/14
    Products: Results of expansion of Seattle Audubon's Puget Sound Seabird Survey into 26 new sites in the Straits and Whidbey Island, including data on presence of seabirds at these sites; results of training of volunteers in seabird survey procedures and oil-spill detection, classification, and reporting
  6. Swinomish Oil Spill Preparedness Project – $35,003 – Swinomish Indian Tribal Community
    The Swinomish Indian Tribal Community will implement a project to develop local capacity to provide timely, high quality information to regional Incident Command, and to develop local capacity to mobilize local assets and manpower in the event of a spill. End date: 10/31/14
    Products: Oil spill response procedures and evaluation of habitat, as well as the recruitment, training, and coordination of employees and volunteers to respond to oil spills potentially affecting high value fish and wildlife habitat on the Swinomish Reservation waters.
  7. Community Engagement for Oil Spill Response and Readiness – $59,997 – Northwest Straits Foundation
    This project will facilitate community engagement in oil spill preparedness and response in Whatcom, Skagit, Island, San Juan, Jefferson, and Clallam Counties. End date: 1/31/15
    Products: Twelve community engagement, readiness, and response workshops, three two-part oiled wildlife trainings resulting in 45-60 certified volunteers in Clallam/Jefferson, Island, and San Juan Counties, six Incident Notification Systems and Call Down Lists developed or documented
  8. Invasive Green Crab Early Detection and Monitoring - $121,500 – Washington Sea Grant
    This project will develop and institute a monitoring program for the invasive marine green crab which utilizes volunteer-based citizen science and which is designed to be self-sustaining.
    Partners: WDFW
    Products: Results of development and implementation of a self-sustaining green crab monitoring program.

Cross-cutting Projects

  1. Toxic Contaminant Monitoring in Mussels – $230,037 – Department of Fish and Wildlife
    The primary goal of this project is to evaluate the geographic extent and magnitude of contamination in nearshore biota, using mussels as an indicator, and developing an expanded network of monitoring sites. End date: 7/31/14
    Products: Expansion of mussel monitoring to 100 sites in Puget Sound; evaluation of extent and magnitude of contamination of mussels in Puget Sound.
  2. Impacts of Outfalls on Eelgrass – $171,760 – Department of Natural Resources
    DNR is studying locations where outfalls discharge in close proximity to eelgrass beds to identify areas of greatest potential impacts, summarized impacts to eelgrass from outfalls through literature review, and gathered data through tissue samples of eelgrass contamination in Puget Sound. End date: 12/15/14
    Products: Literature review summarizing effects of nutrients, metals, and other factors on eelgrass, report of spatial proximity of existing outfalls to eelgrass, report on sampling eelgrass for nutrients and contaminants, report on evaluation of eelgrass condition and environmental parameters around an individual outfall, and report synthesizing project results.
  3.  Analysis of Fish Tissue for Toxics – $91,400 – Department of Fish and Wildlife
    The primary goal of this project is to close a short-term gap in funding to analyze two key sets of fish tissue data, for samples collected in 2014 (Pacific herring) and 2013 (English sole). This project will measure and report values of persistent organic pollutants and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in archived tissue samples, and combine these data with existing long-term PSEMP contaminant data for these species. End date: 9/30/15
    Products: Data on toxic contaminants in Pacific herring and English sole samples.

Proposed Projects Pending Round Six Funds

  1. PENDING FUNDING Institutionalize Successful Stewardship and Incentive Strategies$975,800 – TBD
    Based on early results and successful strategies, this project will establish foundations for ongoing work that will benefit Puget Sound shoreline habitat by reducing development pressure.
  2. PENDING FUNDING – Monitor Eelgrass Restoration in Puget Sound – $50,000 – WDNR
    This project provides additional funding for ongoing monitoring of eelgrass restoration sites, funded through a round 5 grant.
  3. PENDING FUNDINGMonitoring the Effects of Armor Removal in Puget Sound$100,000 – WDFW
    This project will continue the work started in round 5 of funding to monitor the effects of armor removal in Puget Sound.
  4. PENDING FUNDINGCommunicate and Disseminate Grant Program Results$200,000 – TBD
    Based on the communications strategies from round 5, this project will continue to disseminate program results and institutionalize successes.
  5. PENDING FUNDINGProliferate Program Models and Approaches$700,000 – TBD
    Based on past results, this project will select multiple successful program models and approaches to proliferate.
  6. PENDING FUNDING Advance Oil Spill Prevention, Preparedness, and Response$200,000 – TBD
    This project will make targeted contributions to local and regional efforts in oil spill prevention, preparedness, and response, based on the results of successful past efforts.