Funded Projects

Effective Regulation and Stewardship Project Grants

  1. Marine Shoreline Monitoring and Compliance Pilot Project in WRIA 9
    King County—$43,703
    King County will survey 90 miles of marine shoreline in WRIA 9 to collect shoreline use data that will be cross-checked with baseline data. Any new, unpermitted, anthropogenic shoreline modifications will be addressed to ensure compliance with existing regulations.
  2. Targeted Outreach to Reduce Impacts from Shore Hardening in the Port Susan Marine Stewardship Area
    Northwest Straits Foundation—$99,830
    The goal of this project is to prevent the negative ecosystem impacts that result from hardening of the marine shoreline in the Port Susan Marine Stewardship Area (PSMSA). Activities focus on conducting targeted outreach to county planners and coastal landowners, and will include a professional development workshop for Island and Snohomish County planning staff, a workshop for coastal landowners in the PSMSA, and professional consultations for coastal landowners on alternative shoreline erosion control.
    Partners: Island and Snohomish County Marine Resource Committees and County Planning Departments
  3. Protecting Nearshore and Marine Habitat in Mason County: Improving Permit Processes, Enforcement, and Public Outreach (complete)
    Mason County—$245,000 awarded, $82,426 expended.
    Mason County Department of Community Development received a grant to improve implementation and compliance with the County’s Resource Ordinance (RO). They planned to create a Resource Ordinance Working Group to develop recommendations and success targets, conduct an outreach program to educate shoreline property owners and help shoreline landowners comply with existing regulations, as well as hire an enforcement officer to conduct site investigations and pursue violators. Due to various reasons, only partial but informative work was completed, and a backlog of enforcement cases were closed as a result of the project.
    Partners: Mason County Conservation District
  4. Nearshore Permitting Effectiveness through T.A.C.T.
    Kitsap County—$250,000
    Kitsap County, San Juan County and the Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife will implement a trouble shooting, action planning, course correction and tracking and monitoring (T.A.C.T.) approach to reviewing and renovating shoreline permitting systems. The goal is to increase the use and efficacy of ecological protection provisions in shoreline permitting programs.
    Partners: San Juan County, Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife
  5. Protecting the Strait of Juan de Fuca Nearshore
    Coastal Watershed Institute—$320,179
    The work funded through this grant will provide new data and improved tools to support and enhance effective shoreline regulation in Clallam County. It will link coastal physical processes, the economic values of these functions, and the land use practices required to protect these functions. New data such as high-precision bluff erosion rates will help to delineate hazardous areas. The project will also quantify the economic values of ecosystem services in the Elwha and Dungeness Nearshore and share the results with landowners, developers, and other stakeholders. Community outreach and workshops will enhance public understanding of the connection between land use, property management, and nearshore ecosystem functions and values along Clallam County’s shoreline.
    Partners: Clallam County, Washington Department of Natural Resources, Washington Department of Ecology, Earth Economics
  6. Protecting Ecosystem Functions with Sea Level Rise and Cumulative Effects Management Tools
    Friends of San Juans—$150,000
    The goal of this project is to achieve long-term protection of nearshore ecosystems by creating new technical tools and adaptive management strategies to address cumulative impacts and sea level rise within existing regulatory frameworks, provide policy reform recommendations, and encourage improvements to conservation policies at the local and regional level.
    Partners: Coastal Geologic Services, Salish Sea Biological and a technical team of local, state, tribal and university experts
  7. 20% More Eelgrass by 2020: Restoration Site Identification, and Investigating Restoration Barriers
    Washington State Department of Natural Resources—$506,403
    This project will locate sites within Puget Sound and the Strait of Juan de Fuca suitable for successful eelgrass restoration, with specific focus on identifying sites that would be conserved from future anthropogenic disturbances and resilient to climate change. This project will develop a habitat suitability ratings specific to Puget Sound; apply and link a nearshore hydrodynamic model and a water properties model to predict conditions required by eelgrass; interact with local, regional, and tribal shoreline planners and regulators and research scientists to determine where regulations are not effectively reducing stress to eelgrass; and provide recommendations on restoring and protecting resilient eelgrass meadows.
    Partners: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
  8. Puget Sound Shoreline Master Program Improvement
    Futurewise will work with counties, cities, and state agencies to provide technical assistance and outreach on Shoreline Master Program (SMP) implementation, and with citizens on SMP updates. The goals are to ensure no net loss of fish and wildlife habitats, protection of shoreline ecosystems and water quality, and to encourage effective and efficient permitting. Futurewise will work with citizens to provide information on the value of SMP updates and the importance of protecting Puget Sound.
  9. Ensuring Regulatory Effectiveness in Puget Sound’s Most Special Places
    Washington Environmental Council—$300,000
    The goal of this project is to provide education about aquatic reserves and develop Citizen Stewards for five Puget Sound aquatic reserves by training local citizens to be involved in their stewardship and to help improve implementation of regulations in adjacent areas. Citizen Stewardship Committees will prioritize work objectives based on the adopted management plans for each reserve and then will conduct technical protection policy work, citizen science and outreach/education activities.
    Partners: Nisqually Reach Nature Center, Whidbey Watershed Stewards, ReSources for Sustainable Communities, Preserve Our Islands
  10. Marine Shoreline Design Guidance
    Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife—$468,712
    WDFW will lead the development of engineering guidance on soft shoreline armoring techniques. A lack of good guidance on softer shoreline armoring is a significant barrier to the use of alternatives to hard armoring in Puget Sound. This project will evaluate the performance of six major shoreline protection techniques with respect to site and process unit conditions, and compile a set of best practices and determine which techniques are appropriate in certain environments.
  11. Mapping Puget Sound Feeder Bluffs
    Washington Department of Ecology—$355,500
    This project will produce sound-wide data on the location of feeder bluffs, bluffs that provide a significant volume of sediment to the beach, and guidance on the significance and use of this information. It also includes coordination and engagement with other organizations (including local governments, the Puget Sound Partnership, the science community, and tribes), supporting projects by advisory group members, and increasing capacity at Ecology to provide coordination and guidance on feeder bluff issues.
  12. Support Public Awareness, Outreach and Engagement on SMP Updates
    Puget Sound Partnership—$49,500
    The Grant Program is contributing funding to two Targeted Awareness Grants (TAG) through Puget Sound Partnership that are intended to increase public awareness and understanding that Puget Sound is in trouble, as well as the significance and potential impacts of shoreline management. The Grant Program will provide partial funding to Friends of the San Juans through their TAG to develop SMP update related information and maps, and is fully funding a TAG to WSU Extension-Mason County to conduct outreach and education about the importance of shorelines and the SMP update.
  13. Compliance Assessment
    Washington Department of Ecology—$27,814
    This project will compile information about compliance with and enforcement of existing shoreline development regulations across Puget Sound, review literature on improving implementation of regulatory programs, and interview regulatory program staff in order to develop recommendations on effective approaches to improve compliance.
    Partners: Washington Department of Fish & Wildlife.

Adaptive Management Grants

  1. Quantifying the Impacts of Shoreline Armoring
    Skagit River System Cooperative—$353,583
    Using a multidisciplinary approach, the Skagit River System Cooperative will study the impacts of shoreline armoring on nearshore processes and species. Project partners include the Swinomish Indian Tribal Community and University of Washington researchers. The information gathered will serve to fill a critical knowledge gap identified by Puget Sound resource managers and researchers.
    Partners: University of Washington, Swinomish Tribal Community, Tulalip Tribe, NOAA
  2. Integrated Risk Assessment
    Puget Sound Partnership—$200,000
    The Grant Program is contributing funds to support an integrated risk assessment, which will evaluate specific pressures on the Puget Sound ecosystem (marine and nearshore, terrestrial, and freshwater) at various scales by elicitation of expert opinion.
    Partners: Ross Strategic

Habitat Restoration and Protection Grants

  1. Puget Sound Derelict Net Removal and Pilot Response Program
    Northwest Straits Foundation—$667,360
    Derelict nets are a significant threat to marine and nearshore habitat and species. The Northwest Straits Foundation (NWSF) will coordinate the removal of shallow water nets in Puget Sound. NWSF will also design and implement a response and removal program for new and reported lost nets.
  2. Social Marketing Strategy to Reduce Puget Sound Shoreline Armoring
    Colehour + Cohen—$249,891
    This project is part of a multi-pronged effort to reduce the amount of armoring along Puget Sound marine shorelines. It will evaluate the barriers and motivators for private shoreline landowners in choosing to remove or forgo bulkheads, rip rap, and other modifications. It will provide clear, innovative, and realistic approaches for entities in the Puget Sound region to implement social marketing and behavior change campaigns. In the future, the Grant Program will provide this social marketing and behavior change strategy, as well as information about incentive options, to local governments and other entities interested in implementing armoring reduction programs.
    Partners: Social Marketing Services, Futurewise, Coastal Geologic Services, Applied Research Northwest

The fifteen habitat restoration and protection projects listed below have been selected through the Estuary and Salmon Restoration Program for partial funding by the Puget Sound Marine and Nearshore Grant Program.

  1. Barnum Point AcquisitionBluff Backed Beach
    The Nature Conservancy—$213,333
    The Nature Conservancy, in partnership with Island County, will purchase and permanently protect property which includes important feeder bluffs, tidelands, and marine riparian habitat including natural shorelines. The acquisition of Barnum Point will directly benefit more than 7,100 acres already in conservation ownership by protecting important on-site habitats, including mature marine riparian forest, and ecological processes, such as sediment supply and transport, that are critical to the long-term integrity of the larger ecosystem.
  2. Dabob Natural Area AcquisitionBluff Backed Beach
    The Nature Conservancy (TNC)—$213,333
    Funding for this project will help TNC permanently protect over 20 acres of coastal and marine riparian forest and 750 ft. of shoreline of the DNR Dabob Bay Natural Area. The acquisition is part of a larger effort to protect the high habitat and functional value of the area.
  3. Point Heyer Drift Cell Preservation Phase IIBluff Backed Beach
    King County Department of Natural Resources—$213,333
    The goal of the project is to preserve about 90% of the Pt. Heyer Drift Cell shoreline, one of the few highly functioning drift cells in Central Puget Sound. Funds will be used to protect sediment supply, transport, and depositional process, the riparian area, intertidal habitats, and salt marsh.
  4. Port Susan Bay Dike SetbackRiver Delta
    The Nature Conservancy—$162,450
    Funds will be used to complete the implementation phase and initiate evaluation phase of this project for dike setback and restoration of 150 acres of estuarine habitat.
  5. Skokomish Estuary Restoration Phase III River Delta
    Mason County Conservation District and Skokomish Tribe—$162,450
    Grant funds will support work to reconnect 300 acres of wetland complex to the Skokomish Estuary, with the goal of restoring the total hydrologic connection between wetlands in the estuary site. The quality and amount of usable habitat to this single wetland complex will be vastly improved in the near term.
  6. Milltown Island/ South Fork Skagit River Restoratio River Delta
    Skagit River System Cooperative—$162,450
    This river delta restoration project includes demolition of ½ mile of relic dikes on Milltown Island and evaluation of conditions at Deepwater and Wiley Slough project sites. These activities will inform adaptive management recommendations targeted toward future actions in the South Fork delta.
  7. Woodard-Chapman Bay Fill Removal – Open Coastal Inlet
    Washington Department of Natural Resources—$162,450
    Grant funds will be used to support a larger effort to restore 500 acres of nearshore habitat within the Woodard Bay NRCA boundary, including removal of 28,000 cubic yards of fill from the base of the Chapman Bay Piers, and acquisition of important properties within the Chapman Bay watershed. This is a unique opportunity to restore and conserve one of the largest, intact complexes of nearshore habitats permanently protected in southern Puget Sound.
  8. Seahurst Shoreline Restoration—Beach Restoration
    City of Burien—$ 500,000 (Under Negotiation)
    The City of Burien received a grant that will contribute to restoration of the public beach at Seahurst Park. Removing armoring and other shoreline modifications will help to restore beach function. This project will serve as a demonstration and education site for the public, helping Puget Sound residents, including landowners, become familiar with restoration and alternatives to shoreline armoring.
  9. Fort Townsend Shoreline Restoration—Beach Restoration
    Northwest Straits Foundation—$ 52,125
    This grant funds the feasibility and design phase of a shoreline armor removal project to restore beach function at Fort Townsend State Park. This project will serve as a demonstration and education site for the public, helping Puget Sound residents, including landowners, become familiar with restoration and alternatives to shoreline armoring.
  10. Three Crabs Nearshore and Estuarine Restoration— Beach Restoration
    North Olympic Salmon Coalition—$130,000
    This grant will fund beach and estuary restoration on property adjacent to the Dungeness Spit recently purchased by the state. This project will create an opportunity for the public to experience a functioning beach system, and to see an alternative to hard shoreline armoring.
  11. Bowman Bay Armoring Removal— Beach Restoration
    Northwest Straits Foundation—$69,975
    This project will fund the feasibility and design of a project at Deception Pass State Park to remove armoring and other shoreline modifications, restoring beach function. This project will serve as a demonstration and education site for the public, helping Puget Sound residents, including landowners, become familiar with restoration and alternatives to shoreline armoring.
  12. Twanoh State Park Beach Restoration— Beach Restoration
    Wild Fish Conservancy—$402,900
    This project restores the public beach at Twanoh State Park by removing armoring and other shoreline modifications, restoring beach function. Project details are under review. This project will serve as a demonstration and education site for the public, helping Puget Sound residents, including landowners, become familiar with restoration and alternatives to shoreline armoring.
  13. Titlow Estuary Restoration— Beach Restoration
    South Sound Salmon Enhancement—$92,065
    This project will fund the feasibility and design phase of a project to restore Titlow Lagoon, located in a Tacoma city park. Ultimately, the project will allow for the restoration of Titlow Lagoon as well as the public beach at the site. Located in a densely populated region, this project will offer opportunity for area residents to experience restored shorelines, and the public safety, ecological, and aesthetic benefits.
  14. Howarth Park Shoreline Restoration— Beach Restoration
    Snohomish Marine Resources Committee—$600,000
    The Snohomish Marine Resources Committee will carry out a restoration project at Howarth Park in Everett. The project will remove shoreline armoring at the park, restore the beach, and serve as a demonstration and education site for the public, helping Puget Sound residents, including landowners, become familiar with restoration and alternatives to shoreline armoring.
  15. Brown Island Feeder Bluff Restoration— Beach Restoration
    Friends of the San Juans—$69,975
    On Brown Island near Friday Harbor, a small drift cell with a historic feeder bluff is armored across multiple private properties. Two private landowners at this site will remove bulkheads and place permanent protections on the shoreline. The landowners are also willing to open up the site for field trips and participate in outreach about the results of the armor removal project.

High Priority Marine Issues: Invasive Species and Oil Spills

  1. Ballast Water Management Assessment
    Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife and University of Washington—$139,943
    The goal of this project is to assess current ballast water management practices, which require vessels to perform an open sea ballast water exchange to minimize discharge and transport of coastal invasive species. Analysis of existing and new ballast water samples will indicate the rate of compliance, assist in targeting enforcement efforts, and lead to improved ballast water management strategies.
  2. Assessment of Biofouling Threats to Puget Sound
    Portland State University—$149,364
    This project will evaluate and report on biofouling-associated aquatic invasive species invasions in Puget Sound. It will provide information on history and current status, and insights into priorities for a state biofouling management strategy that will interrupt and decrease the risk of this potent invasion pathway.
    Partners: Smithsonian Environmental Research Center
  3. Addressing Key Threats from Large Oil Spills through Data Analysis and Guidance on Risk Management
    Puget Sound Partnership—$200,000
    This project will assess key threats to Puget Sound from large oil spills, using and expanding on an existing risk model, in order to identify effective management strategies.
  4. Preparing COASST Post-Spill
    University of Washington: Coastal Observation Seabird Survey Team—$57,661
    A grant to COASST will help to expand the COASST bird mortality baseline dataset and provide training for team members who respond to oil spills. An oil spill protocol will be produced and select COASST participants will be trained in protection from hazardous materials and in early on-scene reconnaissance in the event of a spill. A report will be produced for state and federal agencies, MRCs, and tribal governments outlining relevant COASST resources (data, trained participants) in their trust management areas.
  5. Geographic Expansion of the Puget Sound Seabird Survey and Early On-Scene Training
    Seattle Audubon Society—$53,299
    The Seattle Audubon Society will expand the Puget Sound Seabird Survey into Strait of Juan de Fuca and northwest Whidbey Island. They will gather data important in assessing ecological damage in the event of an oil spill. This project will also train volunteers to assess conditions at the scene of a reported oil spill in order to provide real-time monitoring and data collection.
  6. Swinomish Oil Spill Preparedness Project
    Swinomish Indian Tribal Community—$35,003
    The Swinomish Indian Tribal Community will implement a project to develop local capacity to provide timely, high quality information to regional Incident Command, and to develop local capacity to mobilize local assets and manpower in the event of a spill.
  7. Community Engagement for Oil Spill Response and Readiness
    Northwest Straits Foundation—$59,997
    This project will facilitate community engagement in oil spill preparedness and response in Whatcom, Skagit, Island, San Juan, Jefferson, and Clallam Counties. The Northwest Straits Foundation will provide workshops for the public, local governments, and Tribal officials, and will actively invite officials to participate in industry-led drills. The Northwest Straits foundation will also offer oiled wildlife care classes for interested community members and develop incident notification communication trees, as needed, for use in the event of an oil spill.

Cross-cutting Projects

  1. Toxic Contaminant Monitoring in Mussels
    Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife—$207,620
    The primary goal of this project is to evaluate the geographic extent and magnitude of contamination in nearshore biota, using mussels as an indicator, and developing an expanded network of monitoring sites. This worked is linked to the “Impacts of Outfalls on Eelgrass” project as well as to the development of status and trends monitoring in support of the National Pollution Discharge Elimination System in Puget Sound.
  2. Impacts of Outfalls on Eelgrass
    Washington Department of Natural Resources—$171,760
    DNR will study locations where outfalls discharge in close proximity to eelgrass beds to identify areas of greatest potential impacts, summarize impacts to eelgrass from outfalls through literature review, and gather data through tissue samples of eelgrass contamination in Puget Sound. This information will contribute to the understanding of the impacts of outfalls on eelgrass and will support informed management. It is linked to the “Toxic Contaminant Monitoring in Mussels” grant