Results and Products

The Puget Sound Marine and Nearshore Grant Program is dedicated to funding innovative and important work throughout Puget Sound. As the results and products of our grants become available, we will be posting them here. If there is something you are looking for that is not posted on this page, it may be because the result or product is not yet final. Please check back often, as this page will be updated frequently.

Reports and Materials

Implementing Shoreline Protections: Practical Guides Addressing Protection of Puget Sound Shorelines
These guides are designed for local government staff, and agency staff, with a focus on cost-effective tools. Topics range from incentives for shoreline landowners to compliance and enforcement of regulations.

The WRIA 9 Marine Shoreline Monitoring and Compliance Project
For this project, King County conducted surveys of 92 miles of shoreline from Seattle to Federal Way, and on Vashon-Maury Island, to assess the change in shoreline armoring and other shoreline infrastructure since a previous survey in 2005. A major finding of this project is that more new shoreline armoring has been built since 2005 than has been removed, and that some shoreline activities seem to be poorly permitted.

Eelgrass Restoration in Puget Sound: Development and Testing of Tools for Optimizing Site Selection
The restoration of eelgrass (Zostera marina L.) as a critical ecosystem component and indicator of environmental health, is a high priority in Washington State’s Puget Sound, where the goal is to increase the current eelgrass coverage by 20 percent (i.e., 4,000 ha) by 2020. In a region as large and complex as Puget Sound, locating areas to restore eelgrass effectively and efficiently is a challenge. We developed a set of tools to identify and test potential restoration sites, as well as to identify stressors affecting eelgrass and other barriers to its recovery.

Geographic Expansion of the Puget Sound Seabird Survey and Volunteer Training for Early On-Scene Reconnaissance
The Puget Sound Seabird Survey (PSSS) is a monthly shore-based survey of seabirds in Puget Sound. The intent of the survey is to determine the status and trends of marine birds over time and area. This project expanded the PSSS geographically by establishing survey sites along the southern coast of the Strait of Juan de Fuca, along the west coast of Whidbey Island, and in parts of Admiralty Inlet. This expansion is in response to the identified need to improve community oil spill preparedness in regions most at-risk

Incentives Toolkit for Shoreline Restoration

To assist and inform the use of incentives for stewardship, better knowledge on incentives is required and a reliable basis for assessing performance needs to be developed. With this in mind Futurewise, with funding support from Washington State Department of Natural Resources and Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife, developed this practical guide and incentives toolkit for shoreline landowners to assist with and to increase the use of incentives in protecting and restoring shoreline ecosystems.

Biofouling Assessment

The Puget Sound region has a long history of marine and estuarine species invasions that have contributed to ecological alterations of the region’s ecosystem over centuries of human influence. Biofouling, which is the accumulation of algae and invertebrates on submerged surfaces such as the hulls of ships, is a chief transport vector for nonindigenous species (NIS). This report examines the issue of marine and estuarine invasions by biofouling-mediated NIS in Puget Sound.

The Marine Shoreline Design Guidelines
The Marine Shoreline Design Guidelines

The Marine Shoreline Design Guidelines (MSDG) were developed in collaboration between WDFW and the Aquatic Habitat Guidelines to provide a framework for shoreline site assessment, determine the need for shore protection, and provide technical guidance on the technique that best suits the conditions at a given site.

Nature’s Value in Clallam County: Policy Implications of the Economic Benefits of Feeder Bluffs and 12 Other Ecosystems
Nature’s Value in Clallam County: Policy Implications of the Economic Benefits of Feeder Bluffs and 12 Other Ecosystems

This analysis by Earth Economics contributes vital information to better understand the economic context of ecosystem services in Clallam County, and the implications for project planning and decision-making.

Puget Sound Feeder Bluff Maps

Puget Sound Feeder Bluff Maps

The Department of Ecology and Coastal Geologic Services have completed the mapping of feeder bluffs throughout Puget Sound, and these maps describe the character and distribution of feeder bluffs, along with other coastal landforms, for all of Puget Sound’s approximately 2500 miles of shoreline.

A Social Marketing Strategy for Armoring Behavior on Puget Sound
A Social Marketing Strategy to Reduce Armoring Behavior on Puget Sound

This project, based on the social marketing research of Colehour + Cohen, focuses on realistic approaches that use research-based incentives to overcome the specific barriers to reducing shore armor among key target audience segments. The following materials are a selection of the products and reports from this project; for additional information, please contact the grant program at:

Primary Documents
  Social Marketing Approach and Campaign Implementation Tools for the Reduction of Puget Sound Shoreline Armor (5A)
Social Marketing How-To Guide (5D)
  Research Synthesis and Audience Map (4F)
Final Project Report
Presentation: A Social Marketing Strategy for Armoring Behavior on Puget Sound

Supporting Documents

Target audiences and behaviors
  Puget Sound Shoreline Parcel Segmentation Report (2A)
Puget Sound Shoreline Parcel Owner Characteristics (2B)
Identifying Behaviors and Mapping Decisions to Reduce Shoreline Armor (3)
Barriers and motivations
Evaluating Barriers and Motivators for Shoreline Armor (4A)
Barriers and Motivations Literature Review (4C)
Survey of Shoreline Property Owners (4D)
Barriers and Motivators Prioritization (4E)
Shoreline Armor Focus Group Findings (5B)
Performance evaluation
Performance Evaluation Plan (6)