Reports for Deer, Elk, Bear, and Turkey
In 2007, those hunters obtaining transport tags for deer, elk, bear,
and turkey were required to submit a hunter report for each acquired
transport tag by the reporting deadline January 31, 2008. (Except
for hunting seasons extended beyond the deadline.) Hunters reported
their hunting activities using either a toll-free telephone number
or a report form on the Internet. Hunters not reporting by January
31 were subject to a $10 penalty which must be paid before they
can purchase a 2007 license. Because around 35 percent of the hunter
reports were not made on time, a follow-up hunter survey was conducted
by telephone in order to calculate the harvest of those who did
not report. This estimate was added to the tabulated mandatory reports
to determine the 2007 harvest and hunter participation figures presented
in this report. General season and special permit hunting activity
are presented in separate tables. Total harvest for any game management
unit can be calculated by adding the two together.
In addition to the deer and elk general hunting seasons, there are
special permit hunts which make it possible to hunt antlerless deer
or elk, in special areas, or during special times. Mountain goat,
bighorn sheep, and moose hunting are available only by special permit.
The same is true for spring black bear and fall turkey. All hunters,
both successful and unsuccessful, were required to submit a mandatory
hunter report by January 31, 2008. Special permit hunting activity
was inferred from the mandatory reports based on the dates of special
permit hunt season, hunt boundary, and special restrictions. No
separate report was required or necessary. Harvest for these species
was tabulated and based solely upon the reports returned by the
hunters. Harvest was not estimated to include hunters who did not
submit a report.
The 2007 Small Game Questionnaire was sent to hunters licensed to
hunt small game animals. Some of the questionnaires went out to
hunters that only purchased a big game hunting license package.
That is because these hunters have the ability to hunt forest grouse.
The answers on the questionnaire formed the basis upon which harvest
estimates were made for upland birds, forest grouse, waterfowl,
and hunted fur-bearers. Hunters were asked if they actually hunted,
how many days they spent hunting, and where it was done. They were
also asked to record if they bagged anything. If they did, they
were asked what it was, where it was taken, and how many they got.
2007 Small Game Hunter questionnaires were further classified into
groups based upon the corresponding responses to questions that
were asked when purchasing 2007 hunting licenses. Hunters were asked
if they hunted certain animals during the previous hunting season
and, if they did, approximately how many were bagged. The small
game harvests were estimated based on summing the estimated harvest
of the above groups. This estimation method is called poststratification
and is modeled after that used by the United States Fish and Wildlife
Service while conducting their annual migratory bird harvest survey.
All trappers of fur-bearing animals are required to complete and
return a trapper report of catch. Harvest is calculated directly
from the reports and not expanded to include trappers that did not
return a completed report.
Bobcat and river otter pelts must be sealed within ten days of the
close of the trapping or hunting season. This is done to gather
harvest information and to comply with the requirements of the Convention
on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES). The harvest
figures are drawn directly from the pelt sealing records.
Each successful cougar hunter is required to have his/her cougar
inspected by an agent of the Department of Fish and Wildlife, have
it’s pelt sealed, and submit a cougar tooth sample. Hunters
with cougar transport tags are not required to report cougar hunting
activity if a cougar was not taken. Other cougar are taken due to
livestock depredation or other dangerous situations and reported
internally. In the 2000 hunting season, cougar public safety removals
were begun. All of these records are used to compile cougar harvest.
Internet users can obtain harvest reports statistics by using an
interactive tool. This tool is a component of the GoHunt mapping
tool at http://wdfw.wa.gov/mapping/gohunt.
Using the "queries" tab on the toolbar over the map of
Washington user can search the harvest reports by reporting unit
or by the values of harvest statistics. Statistics for some big
game species are available at GMU, PMU, district, region, and state
level. For deer, separates harvest figures for black-tailed deer,
mule deer, and white-tailed deer are also provided.