600 Capitol Way North, Olympia, WA 98501-1091
April 19, 1997
Contact: Tim Waters (206) 775-1311, ext. 119
Wildlife species given protected status by state Fish and Wildlife Commission
LONGVIEW -- It is illegal to kill, harm or possess the California mountain
kingsnake, Washington ground squirrel, and all bats under a law passed Saturday by
the Washington Fish and Wildlife Commission.
Commissioners, convening here for a regularly-scheduled meeting, unanimously
voted to designate two small mammals and a reptile as protected species in
Washington state to prevent their numbers from declining further. All three species had
been afforded little or no protection under existing law. Bats found in homes and
buildings are exempted under the new law.
The new law takes effect in about 30 days.
The California mountain kingsnake is non-poisonous. It is sought after by reptile
lovers because of its distinct red, black and white rings. The snake, which is sometimes
confused with the coral snake, presently is found only in open-forested areas in the
Columbia River Gorge.
The Washington ground squirrel is one of three ground squirrels found in the
Columbia Basin. The mammal can be identified by its small, white spots and black-
tipped tail, and is found in the Columbia Basin. Various agricultural practices, livestock
grazing and poisoning and shooting have led to the squirrel's decline.
There are 16 bat species native to Washington. The only known, flying mammal,
bats are extremely beneficial because they eat enormous numbers of insects. Their
numbers have decreased because of disturbances to their colonies while they are
hibernating and when mothers are nursing offspring.
Under the law, people would still be allowed to control bats found in homes,
workplaces or outbuildings. The law specifically states the mammal cannot be harmed,
killed or in anyone's possession "except when found in or immediately adjacent to a
dwelling or other occupied building."