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600 Capitol Way North, Olympia, WA 98501-1091

This document is provided for archival purposes only.
Archived documents do not reflect current WDFW regulations or policy and may contain factual inaccuracies.

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September 03, 1999
Contact: Eric Cummins, (360) 902-2698

Volunteers sought to spot jackrabbits

Once common across much of eastern Washington, the state's two native jackrabbit species appear to have declined to the point that the Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife (WDFW) is seeking help from citizen volunteers in an effort to count how many rabbits are left and determine where they are located.

The volunteers will accompany and assist WDFW wildlife biologists on black-tailed and white-tailed jackrabbit field surveys that will continue through October. The surveys involve driving miles of rural roads at night to sight jackrabbits. The location of road-killed jackrabbits found along highways also will be noted in the survey.

Earlier this year, the department asked citizens to report jackrabbit sightings by calling (360)902-2489 or (360) 902-2493.

The reason for the jackrabbit decline may be due to loss or fragmentation of the native shrub-steppe habitat of eastern Washington, according to Harriet Allen, WDFW endangered species section manager.

That landscape once blanketed the Columbia Basin, but now has been fragmented into "bits and pieces in a sea of farmland," Allen noted.

Besides the need to monitor the status of the jackrabbit species, biologists are concerned because jackrabbits are a fundamental food source for birds of prey such as golden eagles and ferruginous hawks, Allen explained.

"The decline of jackrabbit populations may be an indicator that the shrub-steppe ecosystem they depend on is in trouble," Allen said.

Meanwhile the field surveys, combined with information on historic population trends, are a means of gathering more information about the jackrabbits' status.

Depending on location, those wishing to volunteer for jackrabbit field surveys, should contact: David Anderson at (509) 395-2232 for Klickitat County; Jerry Hickman at (509) 456-4082, for Spokane, Lincoln and Whitman counties; Mark Quinn at (509) 754-4624 for Grant, Douglas and Okanogan counties, and Lee Stream at (509) 457-9303 for Kittitas, Yakima, Benton and Franklin counties.

White-tailed Jackrabbit
White-tailed Jackrabbit:
  • Long white tail
  • Bright yellow eyes
  • Coat white or pale gray in winter, brownish-gray in summer
  • Larger body than black-tails
  • Shorter ears than black-tails
  • Predicted distribution map
Black-tailed Jackrabbit
Black-tailed Jackrabbit:
  • Black stripe on tail extending to the back
  • Dark eyes
  • Grayish-brown body year-round
  • Longer ears than white-tails
  • Smaller body than white-tails
  • Predicted distribution map
Our thanks goes to the Outdoor Empire Publishing, Inc. for allowing us to use their jackrabbit illustrations. (© 1999 Outdoor Empire Publishing, Inc., Seattle, WA.)