Dive Safety
Diving can be dangerous so, dive to your ability, training and experience level.  Please check currents before you dive.

The diver must be swimming or floating in the water while spearfishing. The use of explosives or bullets attached to the spear ("bang sticks") is prohibited. See Fishing in Washington Rules and Regulations for more information.

Fishing & Shellfishing
Find more fishing and shellishing opportunities, information and regulations


For more information
please contact the
WDFW Wildlife Program.

Phone: 360-902-2515
E-mail: wildthing@dfw.wa.gov



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Scuba Diving in Washington
Protecting Marine Habitats

Intro | Eelgrass | Kelp Beds | Mud & Sand | Rocky Habitats

Photos: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6

Kelp Beds
Kelps are one of the many kinds of seaweeds that inhabit Puget Sound.   They are the forests the marine environment complete with floating kelps forming the tree canopy and other kelps and seaweed forming the dense understory brush.  In most of Puget Sound, the floating or canopy kelp is called bull kelp with its single large float, but you might see giant kelp with its many floats along the Strait of Juan de Fuca.  Kelps and other seaweeds have holdfasts, not roots, that attach to boulders, cobbles, and other hard substrates, typically in clear waters with low to high current flow.  Kelps need light to grow and can live as deep as 100 feet but typically much less than 60 feet in Puget Sound.  Like eelgrass the complexity of kelp beds offer fish and crabs many places to hide and provide the basis for the food web to thrive.

Source materials: 

Kozloff, E.N. 1993.  Seashore life of the northern Pacific Coast.  UW Press.

Mumford, T.F.  2007.  Kelp and eelgrass in Puget Sound.  Puget Sound Nearshore Partnership.  http://www.pugetsoundnearshore.org/technical_papers/kelp.pdf