For more information on fisheries management, please contact the WDFW Fish Program.


SalmonScape is an interactive mapping application designed to display and report a wide range of data related to salmon distribution, status, and habitats. The data sources used by Salmonscape include stream specific fish and habitat data, and information about stock status and recovery evaluations
  21st Century Salmon and Steelhead Initiative Brochure

21st Century Salmon and Steelhead Initiative
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21st Century Salmon and Steelhead Management Framework
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Long Live the Kings
Long Live the Kings (LLTK), a private, nonprofit organization committed to restoring wild salmon to the waters of the Pacific Northwest, provided facilitation and strategic planning for The 21st Century Salmon and Steelhead Initiative. More information is available  

21st Century Salmon and Steelhead Initiative

21st Century Salmon and Steelhead Initiative
Big challenges for wild salmon and steelhead require that management and recovery efforts be more strategic than ever. WDFW must: support the work of our partners to restore and protect habitat; ensure fisheries protect wild populations; and reform hatchery programs. There wasn’t a blueprint for how to accomplish this all at once- so we made one.

The Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife developed the 21st Century Salmon and Steelhead Initiative to meet its responsibilities in recovering salmon and steelhead and provide sustainable fisheries. This resulted in an integrated management framework designed to:

  • Restore federally listed populations through six salmon recovery plans.
  • Create and maintain selective and sustainable fisheries.
  • Protect and restore habitat.
  • Retool hatchery operations to support wild fish recovery.
  • Further state-tribal co-management.
  • Develop new strategic partnerships.
The Salmon Conservation Reporting Engine (SCoRE) website provides up-to-date information on populations, and provide context for the efforts WDFW and its partners are taking in the arenas of habitat, hatcheries, and harvest to protect and conserve salmon and steelhead in Washington. Learn more >>

All-H approach
Through the initiative, WDFW is following a comprehensive “all-H” model in which management decisions on hatchery, harvest, habitat and hydro activities are coordinated to restore salmon and steelhead populations and meet sustainable fishery goals.

Integrated management
The framework helps WDFW to better identify and evaluate long-term, science-based management strategies.  It sets out goals, assesses where WDFW is in relation to those goals, and identifies benchmarks to measure progress.  The framework is intended to guide future funding decisions and department budget priorities, and provide direction on regional recovery plans, hatchery reform and harvest management.

21st Century Salmon and Steelhead Management Framework

WDFW formed a planning team−with expertise in science, habitat protection and recovery, hatchery management, fisheries, enforcement, and outreach−to build a new framework for 21st century salmon and steelhead management. The framework is a matrix of measurable outcomes critical for healthy salmon and healthy fisheries, against which salmon-related strategies can be judged.

The framework is organized around six key outcome areas.  Each key outcome area is made measurable with specific indicators of success.  Benchmarks were plotted from 2007-2050, enabling us to measure our progress, evaluate our strategies, and synchronize our activities. The framework contains over 400 benchmarks. Below is a representation.

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We asked ourselves, if we were successful, how would we know it? What results would we see? We organized hundreds of responses into six key outcome areas.

Each of these outcome areas headlines a dozen or more measurable results that would indicate success. Now we can target our resources toward achieving those specific results.

We were clear about where we were starting from. The framework is far-reaching, but it’s also grounded with an honest assessment of our current situation.

To keep track of progress, the framework is constructed on a timeline with over 400 benchmarks taking us from where we are to where we need to be over fifty years.

Once the framework was complete; we asked what we could do differently to get from where we were to meet the first set of benchmarks—across all the key outcome areas. This led to new interdisciplinary approaches, redirected funding, new budget requests, staff assignments, partnerships, and policy decisions.