Columbia River Chum Salmon
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Chum salmon
Summer Chum Salmon Conservation Initiative (SCSCI) Report Series
Recreational Salmon Fishing


Historic harvest rates likely approached 80% for chum salmon. The commercial landings of these fish ranged from 1 to 8 million pounds in most years before the 1940s. At 12 pounds per fish this equates to 83,000 to 666,000 adults.

From the 1960s to the present most chum salmon were caught incidentally to late returning hatchery coho salmon. Commercial landings have averaged less than 50,000 pounds or 4,000 fish since 1959.

With the ESA listing of other Columbia River salmon and the efforts to rebuild wild coho populations, the current harvest rates on chum salmon are very low. Current incidental catch of chum salmon in the lower Columbia River commercial fishery has been less than 100 fish since 1993.

Recreational anglers have harvested chum salmon in the past. However, in 1992 Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife closed sport fishing in the Columbia River and its tributaries for chum salmon. In 1995 WDFW implemented the same regulation. In addition, sanctuaries for chum salmon have been established in many areas.