Caution: Sportfishing rules for crab, shrimp, and crawfish are subject to change based on
allocation and/or soft shell conditions. Check the
Shellfish Rule Change toll-free Hotline, (866) 880-5431; the WDFW website http://wdfw.wa.gov, or watch your local media for
changes. See individual species listings crab; shrimp;
or check statewide harvest rules for crawfish) for seasons and other
Not all shellfish gear sold in Washington meet the specifications shown on this page. Verify that your pot meets these
requirements prior to use.
| Do not attempt to salvage lost shellfish gear in Hood Canal without first getting a permit from the WDFW Enforcement
Program - (360) 902-2936.
To report lost shellfish gear, use the Online Reporting Tool or call WDFW at
1-855-542-3935. If we can recover your gear and it is properly identified, we will attempt to return it.
One star trap, one ring net, or one pot is considered one unit of gear. The maximum number of units of gear that may be fished
per person is:
Puget Sound: (Marine Area 4, east of the Bonilla-Tatoosh line, and in Marine Areas 5-13).
Shrimp: Two pots per person, and no more than 4 shrimp pots may be onboard or fished by any one boat at a time.
Crab: Two units of crab gear per person, and no limit on the number of units of crab gear per boat.
Coastal Waters: (Marine Areas 1-3 and in Marine Area 4, west of the Bonilla-Tatoosh line). Two units of crab and/or
shrimp gear per person.
Exception: Columbia River - three units of crab gear per person.
Freshwater: Crawfish - Five units of gear per person.
GENERAL GEAR RULES:
Every shellfish pot, ring net, or star trap left unattended in Washington waters must have its own buoy line and a separate buoy
that is permanently
and legibly marked with the operator’s first name, last name, and permanent address (telephone number is voluntary). It is
ILLEGAL to pull
unattended shellfish gear with a buoy that does not have your name on it, and only one name and address may appear on each buoy.
may assist the person whose name is on the buoy while he or she is pulling the pot. No fisher may set or pull shellfish gear
from a vessel, in
Catch Record Card Areas 1-13, from one hour after official sunset to one hour before official sunrise. All shellfish gear
must be removed from
the water on closed days.
Buoys must be constructed of durable material (no bleach, antifreeze, detergent bottles, paint cans, etc.) and must be visible
on the surface at
all times except during extreme tidal conditions. Personal flags and staff, if attached to buoys, can be of any color. Buoy
lines must be weighted
sufficiently to prevent them from floating on the surface.
All crab, shrimp, and crawfish pots must be equipped with a biodegradable device (rot/escape cord) and shall include
one or more of the following:
(1) securing the pot lid hook or tie down strap with a single loop of cord; or
(2) sewing a 3" by 5" escape panel in the upper half of pot closed with cord; or
(3) attaching the pot lid or one pot side (serving as a pot lid) with no more than three single loops of cord.
Cord used must be untreated 100% cotton or other natural fiber no larger than thread size 120. This cord, when attached as
described above, must
be able to rot away and allow crab, shrimp, crawfish and fish to escape freely if the pot is lost. A derelict crab pot without
proper escape cord can
attract and kill crabs for years after the pot has been lost.
The minimum mesh size for crab pots is 1½", and all pots must have two 4¼" minimum inside diameter escape rings
in the upper half of the
pot, except in the Columbia River where the minimum ring size is 4" inside diameter.
All parts of ring nets and star traps must lie flat on the sea bottom and may not restrict free movement of crab until
lifted. Shellfish pots must be
covered by water at all times while being fished.
Crab pots must not exceed 13 cubic feet.
All crab gear buoys must be half red and half white in color, and both colors need to be visible when fishing.
Pots must be constructed of either flexible or rigid mesh material (no liners allowed).
Entrance tunnels can be made of any size mesh material but must be
located on the sides of the pot. The sum of the maximum tunnel widths
must not exceed one-half the perimeter of the bottom of the pot.
Shrimp pots must not exceed 10 feet in perimeter and 18" in height.
All shrimp pot buoys must be yellow in color.
SHRIMP POT MESH SIZE:
1" Minimum Mesh Size
A ⅞" square peg must be able to pass through each mesh
opening – see diagram, except for flexible (web) mesh pots,
where the opening must be a minimum of 1 ¾" stretch measure.
Required for all shrimp pots during the month of May.
Required in all areas open for spot shrimp after June 1st.
Required year-round; Shoreward of 20 fathoms, the minimum mesh size for shrimp pots is 1/2-inch; Seaward of 20 fathoms,
the minimum mesh size for shrimp pots is 1 inch.
1/2" Minimum Mesh Size
A ⅜" square peg must be able to pass through each mesh
opening, except for flexible (web) mesh pots, where the
opening must be a minimum of 1⅛" stretch measure.
Allowed after June 1st in any area closed for spot shrimp, but open for coonstripe and pink shrimp.