The Toxics-Focused Biological Observing System (TBiOS) is a biologically based framework for toxics monitoring and research that assesses exposure and effects of chemical contaminants in biota, integrated across ecologically relevant habitats and food webs. This concept paper provides a general description of TBiOS, its relationship to current and future monitoring in Puget Sound, and its relevance to the management and assessment questions raised by the Puget Sound Partnership and related organizations.
Johnson, L., C. Bravo, S. Oâ€™Neill, J. West, M. S. Myers, G. Ylitalo, N. Scholz, and T. Collier 2010. A Toxics-Focused Biological Observing System for Puget Sound (Developed by the Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife and NOAA Fisheries for the Puget Sound Partnership). Washington Department of Ecology Publication #10-10-04. 30pp.